• V G Malathi

      Articles written in Journal of Biosciences

    • Mutagenesis in ORF AV2 affects viral replication in Mungbean yellow mosaic India virus

      A Rouhibakhsh Q M I Haq V G Malathi

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      Mungbean yellow mosaic India virus (MYMIV) is a whitefly-transmitted begomovirus with a bipartite genome. We investigate the functions of the MYMIV-AV2 protein, the open reading frame present upstream of the coat protein gene in DNA A component. The ability of MYMIV-AV2 mutants to replicate, spread and cause symptoms in legume hosts, blackgram, cowpea and French bean was analysed. Plants agroinoculated with mutants K73R, C86S and the double mutant C84S, C86S showed increase in severity of symptoms compared with the wild type. However, mutants W2S and H14Q,G15E caused marked attenuation of symptoms. While the double mutants C84S,C86S caused a 50-fold increase in double-stranded supercoiled and single-stranded DNA accumulation, the mutations W2S and H14Q,G15E showed a decrease in double-stranded supercoiled and single-stranded viral DNA accumulation. Because AV2 mutants affect the ratio between open circular and supercoiled DNA forms, we hypothesize that these mutations may modulate the functions of the replication initiation protein.

    • Suppressors of RNA silencing encoded by tomato leaf curl betasatellites

      Richa Shukla Sunita Dalal V G Malathi

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      Virus encoded RNA-silencing suppressors (RSSs) are the key components evolved by the viruses to counter RNA-silencing defense of plants. Whitefly-transmitted begomoviruses infecting tomato crop code for five different proteins, ORF AC4, ORF AC2 and ORF AV2 in DNA-A component, ORF BV1 in DNA-B and ORF 𝛽C1 in satellite DNA 𝛽 which are predicted to function as silencing suppressors. In the present study suppressor function of ORF 𝛽C1 of three betasatellites Tomato leaf curl Bangalore betasatellite ToLCBB-[IN:Hess:08], Cotton leaf curl Multan betasatellite CLCuMB–[IN:Sri:02] and Luffa leaf distortion betasatellite LuLDB-[IN:Lu:04] were examined. Agroinfiltration of GFP-silenced Nicotiana tabaccum cv. Xanthi with the cells expressing 𝛽C1 protein resulted in reversal of silenced GFP expression. GFP-siRNA level was more than 50-fold lower compared to silenced plants in plants infiltrated with 𝛽C1 gene from ToLCBB. However, in the case of 35S-𝛽C1 CLCuMB and 35S-𝛽C1 LuLDB construct, although GFP was expressed, siRNA level was not reduced, indicating that the step at which 𝛽C1 interfere in RNA-silencing pathway is different.

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