• Tarala D Nandedkar

      Articles written in Journal of Biosciences

    • Apoptosis in granulose cells induced by intrafollicular peptide

      Tarala D Nandedkar Medha S Rajadhyaksha Rita R Mukhopadhya S G A Rao D S Joshf

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      Ovarian follicular fluid peptide (OFFP) purified from sheep ovaries has been earlier shown to induce degeneration of ovarian follicles in mice. In the present study, whether the effect of OFFP on granulosa cells was similar to apoptosis was studied using three parameters. Immature mice injected with pregnant mare serum gonadotropin on day 0 were administered with 10 or 20 μg of OFFP on day 1 and autopsied on day 2. The granulosa cells were collected from the ovarian follicles. The presence of apoptotic bodies were observed by staining the cells with acridine orange. DNA profiles of DAPI-stained cells analysed by flow cytometry also revealed apoptotic response to OFFP. Furthermore, agarose gel electrophoresis of low molecular weight DNA fraction extracted from the cells of OFFP-treated animals confirmed ladder formation and induction of apoptosis and not necrosis in granulosa cells. In conclusion, all the three parameters indicated apoptotic changes in granulosa cells of ovarian follicles in .mice treated with OFFP. The effect of OFFP seems to be exerted directly on the granulosa cells showing its autocrine role in the process of follicular atresia. This is discussed in the light of other intra/extra ovarian factors.

    • Effect of the human follicle-stimulating hormone-binding inhibitor and its N-terminal fragment on follicle-stimulating hormone-induced progesterone secretion by granulosa cells in vitro

      Perinaaz R Wadia Smita D Mahale Tarala D Nandedkar

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      Intrafollicular factors play an important role in folliculogenesis. The follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)-binding inhibitor (FSHBI), purified by our laboratory from human ovarian follicular fluid, has been shown to suppress ovulation and induce follicular atresia/apoptosis in mice as well as impair fertility in marmosets, the new world monkeys. The octapeptide, a peptide corresponding to the N-terminal region of human FSHBI (hFSHBI), has been synthesized and also shows FSHBI activity in vitro. In the present study, we have attempted to identify the mechanism of action of the peptide in granulosa cell cultures. Rat granulosa cell cultures were treated with varying concentrations of the octapeptide or partially purified hFSHBI (gel chromatography fraction hGF2) in the presence or absence of human FSH (hFSH) and the amount of progesterone (P4) secreted in the culture supernatants after 3 h/48 h was estimated. Both hGF2 and the octapeptide failed to alter basal levels as well as 8-bromo cAMP-induced P4 production, while FSH-induced P4 secretion was inhibited in a dose-dependent manner. These studies reveal that the octapeptide, a fragment of FSHBI, and the native protein have similar activity in vitro and both compounds alter FSH action at the receptor level upstream of cAMP formation.

    • Nanovaccines: recent developments in vaccination

      Tarala D Nandedkar

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      In the past 100 years, vaccination has contributed immensely to public health by preventing a number of infectious diseases. Attenuated, killed or part of the microorganism is employed to stimulate the immune system against it. Progress in biotechnology has provided protective immunity through DNA vaccines. In recent years, nanovaccine is a novel approach to the methodology of vaccination. Nanomaterials are delivered in the form of microspheres, nanobeads or micro-nanoprojections. Painless, effective and safe needle-free routes such as the intranasal or the oral route, or patches of microprojections to the skin are some of the approaches which are in the experimental stage at present but may have a great future ahead in nanovaccination.

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