Articles written in Journal of Biosciences
Volume 16 Issue 4 December 1991 pp 235-242
The relationship between fatty acid binding proteins, ATP citrate lyase activity and fatty acid synthesis in developing human placenta has been studied. Fatty acid binding proteins reverse the inhibitory efect of palmitoyl-CoA and oleate on ATP citrate lyase and fatty acid synthesis. In the absence of these inhibitors fatty acid binding proteins activate ATP citrate lyase and stimulate [ 1-14 C] acetate incorporation into placental fatty acids indicating binding of endogenous inhibitors by these proteins. Thus these proteins regulate the supply of acetyl-CoA as well as the synthesis of fatty acids from that substrates. As gestation proceeds and more lipids are required by the developing placenta fatty acid binding protein content, activity of ATP citrate lyase and rate of fatty acid synthesis increase indicating a cause and efect relationship between the demand of lipids and supply of precursor fatty acids during human placental development.
Volume 20 Issue 2 June 1995 pp 141-149
The activities of the enzymes glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase and fatty acid synthase are inhibited by palmitoyl-coenzyme A and oleate. The two isoforms of fatty acid binding proteins (PI 6.9 and PI 5.4) enhance the activities of glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase and fatty acid synthase in the absence of palmitoyl-coenzyme A or oleate and also protect them against palmitoyl-coenzyme A or oleate inhibition. Levels of fatty acid binding proteins, the activities of the enzymes fatty acid synthase and glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase increase with gestation showing a peak at term. However, the activity of fatty acid synthase showed the same trend up to the 30th week of gestation and then declined slightly at term. With the advancement of pregnancy when more lipids are required for the developing placenta, fatty acid binding proteins supply more fatty acids and glycerol-3-phosphate for the synthesis of lipids. Thus a correlation exists between glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, fatty acid synthase and fatty acid binding proteins in developing human placenta.
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