• T N Ananthakrishnan

      Articles written in Journal of Biosciences

    • Kairomones ofheliothis armigera andcorcyra cephalonica and their influence on the parasitic potential oftrichogramma chilonis (Trichogrammatidae: hymenoptera)

      T N Ananthakrishnan R Senrayan S Murugesan R S Annadurai

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      Kairomones from moth scales tend to influence the parasitic potential byTrichogramma chilonis Ishii. Hexatriacontane, pentacosane, heptadecane, docosane and 2, 6, l0-dodecatrienal-3, 7, 11-trimethyl were identified from the active moth scale extract ofHeliothis armigera Hubner (its natural host) andCorcyra cephalonica Stainton (a laboratory host). The significance of an array of compounds from moth scales with kairomonal activity for manipulating entomophagous insects in biological control programmes is discussed.

    • Influence of chemical profiles of host plants on the infestation diversity ofRetithrips syriacus

      T N Ananthakrishnan R Gopichandran G Gurusubramanian

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      The onset of biotic stress in the host plants as a result of increased insect population size leads to enhanced levels of secondary metabolites and associated phenolic enzyme activity. Of the three host plants examined, viz.Ricinus communis (castor),Eucalyptus globulus (eucalyptus) andManihot utilissima (tapioca), castor was the host most preferred byRetithrips syriacus. Despite the fact that tapioca had the highest levels of secondary compounds, thrips infestation persisted. However, fecundity and growth were reduced because of the relatively high levels of primary metabolites. Gallic acid was found to be the most toxic of the phenolic acids, followed by pyrogallol, resorcinol, phloroglucinol and vanillic acid. The less toxic phenolic acids and flavanoids were detected in leaves that harboured thrips, while the preponderance of gallic acid was found in uninfested hosts. Thus the interaction ofRetithrips syriacus with the hosts is governed essentially by the biochemical profiles of its hosts, which tend to be altered subsequent to infestation, thus manifesting induced resistance through enhanced production of phenolics

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