• Sujatha Narayanan

      Articles written in Journal of Biosciences

    • Effect of oral exposure ofMycobacterium avium intracellular on the protective immunity induced by BCG

      Sujatha Narayanan C N Paramasivan R Prabhakar P R Narayanan

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      The relative protective efficacy of oral administration of mycobacteria as compared to the conventional intradermal route of vaccination has been assessed in guinea pigs. Skin test reactivity to partially purified protein derivative and protective immunity to challenge with virulentMycobacterium tuberculosis were used as parameters of protective immunity.

      Oral immunisation of guinea pigs either with BCG or withMycobacterium avium intracellulare induces skin test reactivity and protective immunity comparable to that induced by intradermal route of vaccination. Oral exposure ofMycobacterium avium intracellulare prior to oral or intradermal dose of BCG did not interfere with the protective immunity induced by BCG in guinea pigs challenged withMycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv.

    • Mitogen-activated protein kinases mediate Mycobacterium tuberculosis–induced CD44 surface expression in monocytes

      Natarajan Palaniappan S Anbalagan Sujatha Narayanan

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      CD44, an adhesion molecule, has been reported to be a binding site for Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) in macrophages and it also mediates mycobacterial phagocytosis, macrophage recruitment and protective immunity against pulmonary tuberculosis in vivo. However, the signalling pathways that are involved in M. tuberculosis–induced CD44 surface expression in monocytic cells are currently unknown. Exposure of THP-1 human monocytes to M. tuberculosis H37Rv and H37Ra induced distinct, time-dependent, phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase-1, extracellular signal regulated kinase 1/2, mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 3/6, p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase and c-jun N-terminal kinases. The strains also differed in their usage of CD14 and human leukocyte antigen-DR (HLA-DR) receptors in mediating mitogen-activated protein kinase activation. M. tuberculosis H37Rv strain induced lower CD44 surface expression and tumour necrosis factor-alpha levels, whereas H37Ra the reverse. Using highly specific inhibitors of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase-1, p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase and c-jun N-terminal kinase, we report that inhibition of extracellular signal regulated kinase 1/2 and c-jun N-terminal kinases increases, but that inhibition of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase decreases M. tuberculosis–induced CD44 surface expression in THP-1 human monocytes.

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