• Sujata Mohanty

      Articles written in Journal of Biosciences

    • Abdominal pigmentation and growth temperature in Indian Drosophila melanogaster: Evidence for genotype-environment interaction

      Aparup Das Sujata Mohanty B Parida

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      Phenotypic variability for abdominal pigmentation in females of an Indian natural population ofDrosophila melanogaster was studied using isofemale lines and by rearing the larvae and pupae at 4 different temperatures ranging from 20–30°C. The dark pigmented area was found to increase in all the three segments when the growth temperature decreases. A significant positive correlation was detected for the occurrence of dark pigmentation in the 5th and 6th segments in each growth temperature but for other comparisons the correlation was not regular. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was carried out both for individual segments over different growth temperatures and also for each temperature over the three abdominal segments and in all cases found to be statistically significant. The results are quite different from the earlier observation in FrenchDrosophila melanogaster and suggest that genes controlling pigmentation are temperature dependent; temperature could affect post-transitional events involved in pigmentation. The present findings also clearly indicate that significant genotype-environment interaction exists, responsible for the production of desired phenotype at the opportune moment during the life span of a species.

    • Differential reduction of reactive oxygen species by human tissuespecific mesenchymal stem cells from different donors under oxidative stress


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      Clinical trials using human Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) have shown promising results in the treatment of variousdiseases. Different tissue sources, such as bone marrow, adipose tissue, dental pulp and umbilical cord, are being routinelyused in regenerative medicine. MSCs are known to reduce increased oxidative stress levels in pathophysiological conditions.Differences in the ability of MSCs from different donors and tissues to ameliorate oxidative damage have not beenreported yet. In this study, for the first time, we investigated the differences in the reactive oxygen species (ROS) reductionabilities of tissue-specific MSCs to mitigate cellular damage in oxidative stress. Hepatic Stellate cells (LX-2) and cardiomyocyteswere treated with Antimycin A (AMA) to induce oxidative stress and tissue specific MSCs were co-cultured tostudy the reduction in ROS levels. We found that both donor’s age and source of tissue affected the ability of MSCs toreduce increased ROS levels in damaged cells. In addition, the abilities of same MSCs differed in LX-2 and cardiomyocytesin terms of magnitude of reduction of ROS, suggesting that the type of recipient cells should be kept in consideration whenusing MSCs in regenerative medicine for treatment purposes.

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