Damage caused to rice production by coleopteran insects like rice weevil (Sitophilus oryzae), a stored grain insect pest and rice hispa (Dicladispa armigera), a pest of the growing plant is quite high. In order to combat the damage, generation of insect resistant transgenic rice plant was considered desirable. CryIIIA endotoxin ofBacillus thuringiensis var.tenebrionis, a 65 kDa protein toxic to coleopteran insects, figured as the candidate gene product. Thus, the cryIIIA gene was isolated from a local isolate ofBacillus thuringiensis var.tenebrionis. The gene was tailored at the N-terminal end to its minimal size by using a synthetic ATG codon which replaced the first codon next to ATG of threonine to proline. This modification did not affect the functional property of the gene product. A chimeric construct of the modifiedcryIIIA gene was developed containing CaMV35S promoter andnos terminator for plant expression. The expressibility of thecryIIIA gene inindica rice was judged through test for transient expression in indica rice protoplasts.