• Shail K Chaube

      Articles written in Journal of Biosciences

    • Thein vitro effect of theophylline on 17α, 20ß-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one-induced germinal vesicle breakdown in the catfish,Clarias batrachus

      Shail K Chaube S Haider

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      The effects of theophylline (a phosphodiesterase inhibitor) and cAMP on 17α, 20ß-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one-induced germinal vesicle breakdown was investigatedin vitro in catfish (Clarias batrachus) oocytes. Folliculated oocytes incubated with 17α, 20ß-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one at the concentration of 1 μg/ml induced 93.2 ± 2.23% germinal vesicle breakdown. When the oocytes were prestimulated with 17α,20ß-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one for 6 h and then treated with different concentrations of theophylline, there was a significant drop in the frequency of germinal vesicle breakdown at the concentrations 2.0, 1.5 and 1.0 mM. However, theophylline was found to be incapable of inhibiting germinal vesicle breakdown at its lowest concentration (0.5 inM). In the time course study, significant inhibition of germinal vesicle breakdown was recorded when 1 mM theophylline was added up to 30 h of 17α,20ß-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one Stimulation but the inhibitory effect of theophylline gradually (time dependent manner) declined if the stimulatory time of 17α,20ß-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one was increased. A similar inhibition of germinal vesicle breakdown was also recorded with various concentrations of cAMP. Except 0.5 mM, all the higher concentrations of cAMP significantly inhibited 17α,20ß-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one induced germinal vesicle breakdown.

    • Effects of cAMP forskolin and cyanoketone on invitro oocyte maturation in the catfish,Clarias batrachus

      Shail K Chaube S Haider

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      This study investigated the interactive effects of cyanoketone (CK), an inhibitor of 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase on the effects of cAMP and forskolin (FK) on oocyte maturation inClarias batrachus using an in vitro incubation technique. When the oocytes were incubated in the presence of 1 Μg/ml 17α, 20β-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one[l7α, 20Β-DP, the maturation-inducing steroid (MIS) of this species] for 6h, they matured [85.3 + 1.36% germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD)] normally after additional incubation for 20–30 h in plain medium. On the other hand, exposure to 1.0 and 8 0 mM of cAMP after MIS stimulation caused significant inhibition of GVBD but lower concentrations (0.1 and 0.5 mM) of cAMP were noninhibitory. However, when the oocytes were preincubated for 1 h with 1 μg/mI CK, a significant inhibition in the percentage of GVBD was recorded including the lower concentrations of cAMP. FK, an activator of adenylate cyclase, could significantly induce GVBD at all of its concentrations (0.1, 0.5, 1.0 and 10.0 μM) in a dose- and time-dependent manner. However, when the oocytes were exposed to 1 μg/ml CK for 1 h, prior to FK stimulation, a complete inhibition of GVBD occurred but when CK treatment was given after the FK stimulation, only a partial inhibition of maturation was observed. Taken together, these data indirectly suggest that FK induces catfish oocyte maturation probably by stimulating follicular production of Δ4 steroid ( 17α,20 β-DP)through an adenylate cyclase-c AMP-mediated pathway, a mechanism identical to the gonadotropin-induced oocyte maturation.

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