• Seiichiro Kawashima

      Articles written in Journal of Biosciences

    • Prolactin augments luteinizing hormone binding to rat Leydig cells in serum-free culture

      Minoru Takase Kazuyoshi Tsutsui Seiichiro Kawashima

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      Effect of prolactin on the testicular luteinizing hormone binding was studied in a serum-free culture system. By the collagenase digestion of decapsulated testes taken out from 25-day-old rats, Leydig cells were isolated and cultured for 7 days in DME/F12 (1:1) medium supplemented with insulin, transferrin, epidermal growth factor, and gentamicin. The cultured cells exhibited the 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase activity. Hill plots constructed from the data of competition experiment showed that the dissociation constant (Kd) was 0.33 × 10–10M. The Kd value was approximately the same as the known value for the rat testicular homogenates. When the Leydig cells were cultured with ovine prolactin for the last 3 days of 7-day culture period, the binding of luteinizing hormone increased to 1.7-fold ofthat in the control group. From these results it is concluded that prolactin acts to up-regulate the binding of luteinizing hormone to rat testicular Leydig cells in serum-free culture

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