S S Katyare
Articles written in Journal of Biosciences
Volume 16 Issue 1-2 June 1991 pp 71-79
The effects of treatment with subtoxic (375 mg/kg) and toxic (750 mg/kg) doses of paracetamol on NADH oxidase, succinoxidase and Mg2+-ATPase activities in rat liver submitochondrial particles were examined. In the NADH oxidase system, treatment with subtoxic doses of paracetamol resulted in a 37% increase in activation energy in the high temperature range (E1) while the phase transition temperature (Tt) for this system decreased by 9‡C. Subtoxic doses caused a 43% decrease in E1. For the succinoxidase system, Tt decreased by 2.4 to 3.4‡C after paracetamol administration. E2 increased by 42% only in the subtoxic-treatment group while E1 remained unaltered in both paracetamol-treated groups. For the Mg2+-ATPase system, subtoxic doses of paracetamol treatment did not change the values of E1 E2 and Tt whereas toxic dose treatment resulted in a 29% decrease in E2 with a concomitant increase in Tt by 2.4‡C without any change in the value of E1 The results thus suggest that treatment with toxic and subtoxic doses of paracetamol results in possible differential alterations in the membrane lipid milieu.
Volume 16 Issue 1-2 June 1991 pp 81-89
The effect of thyroidectomy (Tx) and subsequent treatment with triiodothy-ronine (T3) on rat kidney mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation was examined. Thyroidectomy resulted in lowering of state 3 respiration rates and cytochrome contents. Thyroidectomized animals administered with T3 (20 Μg/100 g body wt) resulted in the nonsynchronous stimulation of state 3 respiration rates in kidney mitochondria with glutamate, Β-hydroxybutyrate, succinate and ascorbate+TMPD as substrates. Cytoch-rome contents were also elevated differentially. Increase in the state 4 respiration rates was transient and reversible. However, primary dehydrogenases were not generally altered in the Tx and T3-treated Tx animals. The results thus indicate that the T3treatment to-Tx animals brings about differential and nonsynchronous increase in the respiratory parameters and respiratory chain components of kidney mitochondria.