• SOLOMON AREGA

      Articles written in Journal of Biosciences

    • CRISPR-mediated knockdown of miR-214 modulates cell fate in response to anti-cancer drugs in HPV-negative and HPVpositive cervical cancer cells

      PRAKRITI SEN SAYAM GHOSAL RUDRANIL HAZRA RIMJHIM MOHANTY SOLOMON AREGA BIKASH SAHU NILADRI GANGULY

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      Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cause of mortality in women worldwide. In this study weinvestigated the effect of a tumour suppressor microRNA miR-214 in modulating the cell death againstchemotherapeutic drugs like Doxorubicin, Cisplatin and Paclitaxel. CRISPR-facilitated knockdown andplasmid-based overexpression of miR-214 was performed in cervical cancer cell lines HeLa, C33A and CaSki.It was observed that knocking out miR-214 resulted in reduced apoptosis and cell migration upon drugtreatments; while overexpression of miR-214 resulted in marginal increase in apoptosis and cell migrationwhen treated with drugs. However, miR-214 had very little effect on production of reactive oxygen species.Our results also indicate that Doxorubicin was least effective and Paclitaxel most effective in inducing celldeath. A combination of miR-214 overexpression and Paclitaxel treatment was found to be most effective ininducing cell death in cervical cancer cells. Analysis of cell cycle phases followed by apoptotic markers alsoshowed that miR-214 overexpression along with Paclitaxel treatment caused an increase in PARP and declineof PI-3 kinase/Akt levels. Therefore, miR-214 levels determine the fate of the cancer cell duringchemotherapeutic treatment.

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