• SNAHLATA SINGH

      Articles written in Journal of Biosciences

    • Constitutively activated ERK sensitizes cancer cells to doxorubicin: Involvement of p53-EGFR-ERK pathway

      RATNA KUMARI SURBHI CHOUHAN SNAHLATA SINGH RISHI RAJ CHHIPA AMRENDRA KUMAR AJAY MANOJ KUMAR BHAT

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      The tumour suppressor gene p53 is mutated in approximately 50% of the human cancers. p53 is involved in genotoxicstress-induced cellular responses. The role of EGFR and ERK in DNA-damage-induced apoptosis is well known. Weinvestigated the involvement of activation of ERK signalling as a consequence of non-functional p53, in sensitivity ofcells to doxorubicin. We performed cell survival assays in cancer cell lines with varying p53 status: MCF-7 (wild-typep53, WTp53), MDA MB-468 (mutant p53, MUTp53), H1299 (absence of p53, NULLp53) and an isogenic cell lineMCF-7As (WTp53 abrogated). Our results indicate that enhanced chemosensitivity of cells lacking wild-type p53function is because of elevated levels of EGFR which activates ERK. Additionally, we noted that independent of p53status, pERK contributes to doxorubicin-induced cell death.

    • Sensitization of hepatocellular carcinoma cells towards doxorubicin and sorafenib is facilitated by glucosedependent alterations in reactive oxygen species, P-glycoprotein and DKK4

      SURBHI CHOUHAN SNAHLATA SINGH DIPTI ATHAVALE PRANAY RAMTEKE MURALIDHARAN VANUOPADATH BIPIN G NAIR SUDARSLAL SADASIVAN NAIR MANOJ KUMAR BHAT

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      Altered glucose uptake and metabolism is the key characteristic of cancer cells including hepatocellularcarcinoma (HCC). However, role of glucose availability in chemotherapeutic outcome of HCC is unclear. Thepresent study investigates the effect of glucose facilitated sensitization of HCC cells towards doxorubicin(DOX) and sorafenib (SORA). In HCC cells, we observed that hyperglycemic culture condition (HG) isassociated with increased sensitivity towards DOX and SORA. P-glycoprotein (P-gp), a transporter involved indrug efflux, was elevated in HCC cells in NG, rendering them less susceptible to DOX and SORA. Further, thisstudy demonstrated that knockdown of dickkopf protein 4 (DKK4), a Wnt antagonist protein, causes enhancedglucose uptake and reduction in P-gp level rendering HCC cells in NG sensitive to DOX and SORA.Moreover, HG elevates the level of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), which regulates P-gp.Alteration in intracellular ROS did not directly affect regulation of DKK4 in HCC cells. Functional assayssuggest that alterations in DKK4 and P-gp level in HCC cells are dependent on glucose availability andchanges in ROS level because of enhanced glucose utilization, respectively. Collectively, the present studyhighlights direct involvement of glucose-induced ROS, DKK4 and P-gp in altering the sensitivity of HCC cellstowards DOX and SORA.

  • Journal of Biosciences | News

    • Editorial Note on Continuous Article Publication

      Posted on July 25, 2019

      Click here for Editorial Note on CAP Mode

© 2017-2019 Indian Academy of Sciences, Bengaluru.