• S Sivakami

      Articles written in Journal of Biosciences

    • Spectroscopic studies on the denaturation of papain solubilized and Triton X-100-solubilized glucoamylase from rabbit small intestine

      S Sivakami D Chatterji

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      Intestinal brush border proteins consist of an enzymatically active hydrophilic moiety attached to a hydrophobic tail. Papain dissociates the hydrophilic part by cleaving off the hydrophobic tail, whereas the detergentTriton X-100 solubilizes the whole molecule. Denaturation by 8 M urea or 4 M guanidinium chloride does not alter the structure of the papain-solubilized enzyme. An appreciable alteration of the structure of detergent-solubilized enzyme was observed on denaturation. The difference spectra of Triton X-100 (1%)—solubilized enzyme and its urea denatured form shifts and intensifies, with increase in the concentration of the denaturant with an isobestic point at 252 nm. A new band at 280 nm also appears at 4 M urea concentration. Papain-solubilized glucoamylase has an ∞ -helical conformation in solution unlike the detergentsolubilized fraction. An elongated structure for the papain solubilized enzyme is inferred from the urea denaturation studies and from molecular weight determinations.

    • Purification and properties of trehalase from monkey small intestine

      S Sanker S Sivakami

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      Brush border membrane trehalase was purified from monkey small intestine by a procedure which includes solubilisation by Triton X-100, ammonium sulphate fractionation, and chromatography on DE-52 and hydroxyapatite. The purified enzyme had a specific activity of 11 units/mg protein and was purified 140-fold. The enzyme showed a single protein band on Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. It had aKm value of 17.4 mM for trehalose and a Vmax of 1.33 units. Sucrose and Tris acted as competitive inhibitors of the enzyme.

    • Two forms of trehalase in rabbit enterocyte: Purification and chemical modification

      S Sanker S Sivakami

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      Trehalase found to be associated with the brush border membrane vesicles and the Ca2+ aggregated basolateral membrane vesicles were purified to homogeneity. They were found to differ in their molecular weight, subunit structure, heal stability, N-terminal residues, amino acid composition and also the active site residues. Chemical modification showed the presence of a histidine and tyrosine at the active site of brush border membrane vesicle trehalase and two histidines at the active site of basolateral membrane vesicle.

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