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      Articles written in Journal of Biosciences

    • Developmental changes of the glycolytic enzymes in the human fetal heart

      Jayati Das Gupta Trishna Sengupta Chhabi Dutta Kathakali De S De D Sengupta

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      The ontogeny of hexokinase, phosphofructokinase, phosphoglucoisornerase, aldolase, pyruvate kinase and lactate dehydrogenase activities which are associated with glycolysis, an important energy yielding process, has been studied in human fetal heart for periods ranging from 13 weeks to above 33 weeks of gestation. Hexokinase, phosphoglucoisomerase and pyruvate kinase activities show similar developmental profiles exhibiting maximum activity at 25–28 weeks ofgestation. Phosphofructokinase activity, on the other hand, shows a minimum at this period and exhibits a peak value at early stages (13–16 weeks of gestation). Though considerable activity for aldolase is observed at an early period, it declines thereafter, but again increases in the later period. The probable role and correlations of these glycolytic enzymes with energy demand and general functional development in human fetal heart in ontogeny are evaluated.

    • Glycogen metabolism in human fetal testes

      K Misra Datta J Dasgupta T Sengupta S De Sengupta

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      The ontogeny of glycogen synthetase, glycogen Phosphorylase and α-D-glucosidase, enzymes which are associated with glycogen metabolism and glycogen level has been studied in human fetal testes of gestational age ranging from 14–32 weeks. Glycogen synthetase activity reaches the peak value at 17–20 weeks of gestation, thereafter it decreases. α-D-Glucosidase activity increases with the advancement of pregnancy up to 28 weeks of gestation decreasing thereafter very rapidly. Phosphorylase activity remains more or less constant throughout gestation. The maximum increase in glycogen content at early stages of gestation (17–20 weeks) and gradual reduction with the advancement of pregnancy are correlated with histochemical observation by the periodic acid-Schiff technique.

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