• Radha Pant

      Articles written in Journal of Biosciences

    • Changes in carbohydrates and lipids during embryonic development ofAntheraea mylitta (Lepidoptera)

      Radha Pant Suman Kumar Shiva Dhar Singh

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      Changes in carbohydrate and lipid metabolism during embryonic development inAntheraea mylitta were studied. While carbohydrates were metabolized during early embryogenesis, lipids were catabolised at the later stages. A significant increase in both total carbohydrates and glycogen on days 5 and 6 suggested the concurrent occurrence of both gluconeogenesis and glycogenesis. As the development of the embryo proceeds, both lipids and carbohydrates were utilised, resulting in the increase in the concentration of citrate, pyruvate and lactate.

    • The effect of exposure to low temperature on the metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids and protein in the larvae ofPhilosamia ricini

      Radha Pant Dwijendra K Gupta

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      Exposure of the silkworm(Philosamia ricini) larvae to cold temperature (2‡C) and subsequent exposure to room temperature (29‡ C) resulted in the mortality of the larvae.

      Cold exposure brought about significant decrease in enzymic activity of proteases, aminotransferases, diacylglycerol lipase and in the amounts of some haemolymph sugars and polyols. However, glycerol increased sharply in response to severe cold exposure. There was also a marked increase in the levels of protein, pyruvate, total free amino acids, total lipid, phospholipid and triacylglycerols.

      In the colder environment, carbohydrates served as the energy source. Glycerol appears to have conferred cryoprotection to the cold-stressedPhilosamia ricini larvae.

    • Photoperiodic effect on some enzymes and metabolites in diapausingAntheraea mylitta pupae andPhilosamia ricini larvae during development

      Radha Pant Geetha Jaiswal

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      The variation in acid phosphatase (EC 3.1.3.2) activity inAntheraea mylitta was similar in all light and dark groups exposed to different photophases (LD =0:24, 24:0, 18:6, 14:10, 10:14 and 12:12 h) maintaining all along a higher activity than its alkaline counterpart. The highest activity was recorded on day 82 in LD group 10:14 h. The non-diapausingPhilosamia ricini larvae registered highest activity in LD group 0:24 h on day 5. Alkaline phosphatase (EC 3.1.3.1) activity was low all through metamorphosis in both the lepidopterans, although significantly elevated activity was observed on day 5 in larvae of allPhilosamia ricini LD regimens and on day 82 inAntherae mylitta. Photoperiodic effect on Phosphorylase (EC 2.3.1.1) activity, glycogen and inorganic phosphates content have also been studied.

      Exposure to LD 10:14, 14:10 and 18:6 h provoked early diapause termination inAntheraea mylitta. The non-diapausingPhilosamia ricini was unaffected in moth emergence but the emerged adults of LD 24:0 and 0:24 h groups were unhealthy, small and did not mate or oviposit.

    • Effect of malathion and acetylcholine on the developing larvae ofPhilosamia ricini (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae)

      Radha Pant S K Katiyar

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      Feeding of malathion induces accumulation of acetylcholine inPhilosamia ricini developing larvaevia inhibition of acetyl cholinesterase activity. The insecticide also causes depletion of all nutrients, loss in weight, under-development of silk glands resulting in reduced silk production, lack of oviposition and high mortality among the insects. Acetylcholine however, while fed during the same period of development, tones up their nutritional status, induces better growth, weight gain, improved silk production and oviposition and significantly lower mortality than in the control group of insects maintained on castor leaves. This improved status of insects has been attributed to choline, the insect vitamin released from acetylcholine. Acetylcholine has also been noted to protect the insects to some extent from the poisonous effect of malathion on exposure to it after a dose of acetylcholine during the preceding instar stadium

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