• R M Pitchappan

      Articles written in Journal of Biosciences

    • Frequency of HLA antibodies in south India

      R M Pitchappan S Amutha V Mahendran V Brahmajothi U Shankar Kumar K Balakrishnan R Shantha Kumari M Sashidhar SamalRaj May Manuel V Indra Raja

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      Sera from 4088 pregnant women (649 antenatal bleeding and 3439 post-partum bleeding) living in Madurai, were collected and screened for anti-HLA. A, B and DR antibodies. 696 of them were screened for anti-HLA DR antibodies. Ten per cent (65/649) of antenatal sera and 13 4% of post-partum sera (463/3439) were positive for HLA A and B antibodies: nonetheless the percentage of monospecific sera were almost the same in both. Screening for HLA DR antibodies were carried out using platelet absorption in test tray technique: seventy three of 696 (10.5%) were positive. The incidence of anti-HLA A, B antibodies correlates to the allelic frequencies in the population. Thus in India, collection and screening post-partum haemorrhage is the simplest and cost effective method of acquiring polyclonal sera for routine laboratory and diagnostic use.

    • Major histocompatibility complex restriction in tuberculosis susceptibility

      R M Pitchappan J N Agrewala V Dheenadhayalan J Ivanyi

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      More than one mechanism may contribute to disease susceptibility in tuberculosis, viz., major histocompatability complex (MHC) restriction phenomenon, spectrum of immune reactivity/cytokine profile and epidemiology induced anergy. Experiments from our laboratories revealed that (i) human leucocyte antigen D-related allele 2 (HLA DR2) predispose for a more severe form of pulmonary tuberculosis encoding a high responder status, (ii) spectrum of immune reactivity to mycobacteria is ‘innate’, and it is demonstrable in healthy individuals from endemic area, (iii) there is no correlation between the purified protein derivative (PPD) response and peptide responses, (iv) once a person is high responder to P16 and P38 derived peptides (6/22), he/she (whether a patient or control) is a high responder for a wide range of mycobacterial peptides and (v)majority of the T-cell clones generatedin vitro, to peptide 16.3 (amino acids 21–40) of 16 kA a mycobacterial antigen, in an HLA DR2 positive healthy individual is HLA DR restricted, permissive and of Th1 phenotype. The results suggested that MHC class II restriction play a role in peptide recognition and the immune response. Nonetheless the outcome and specificity of the immune reactivity and the resultant disease pathogenesis may depend on the promiscuity of peptide recognition and cytokine profiles.

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