R K Saxena
Articles written in Journal of Biosciences
Volume 19 Issue 1 March 1994 pp 57-65
The DNP derivative of sonicate antigens of the H37Ra strain of
Volume 20 Issue 4 September 1995 pp 515-523
Relationship between the levels of MHC class 1 antigen expressed on tumour cells and their susceptibility to allogenic and xenogenic NK cells was investigated. Mouse and human natural killer-resistance inducing factor (NK-RIF) preparations were used for augmenting/inducing MHC 1 antigen expression on murine YAC and human K562 tumour cells, respectively YAC cells with augmented MHC I antigen expression became relatively resistant to lysis by murine NK cells but not to rat NK cells. Similarly, induction of MHC I antigens on K562 cells reduced their susceptibility to human NK cells but not to monkey NK cells. These results indicate that the inverse correlation of MHC I antigen expression and NK susceptibility does not hold true for xenogenic pairs of NK effector and target cells.
Volume 21 Issue 1 March 1996 pp 13-25
A cytokine which augments the expression of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) I antigens on K562 and gastric carcinoma tumour (HR) cells, has been isolated from the culture supernatant of Concanavalin-A (Con-A) activated human peripheral blood mononuclear cells. The factor, termed MHC augmenting factor (MHC- AF) has been partially purified by Sephadex G- 100 column chromatography, preparative isoelectric focusing and HPLC with ion- exchange as well as sizing columns. MHC-AF activity is associated with a 35 kDa molecule which has pI of 6.0. Interferon (IFN)-α, \, tumour necrosis factor (TNF), Interleukin (IL)-2, IL-4, IL-5 and IL-7 had no significant effect in MHC- AF bioassay, but IFN-γ had significant MHC-AF activity. Antibodies to IFN-α, IFN-\ and TNF-α did not block the activity of MHC-AF, but anti-IFN-y antibodies could partially neutralize the activity. However, unlike IFN-γ, MHC-AF activity was resistant to pH 2.0 treatment. Purified MHC-AF preparations did not have any activity in WISH cell/encephalo myocarditis virus (EMC) IFN bioassays. In addition, anti-IFN-y affinity column did not retain MHC-AF activity. These results indicate that a MHC-AF distinct from IFN-γ, is produced by activated human mononuclear cells.
Volume 22 Issue 1 March 1997 pp 59-68
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