• R John Collier

      Articles written in Journal of Biosciences

    • pH-Dependent membrane interactions of diphtheria toxin: A genetic approach

      R John Collier

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      A genetic approach is described for exploring the mechanism by which diphtheria toxin undergoes pH-dependent membrane insertion and transfer of its enzymic A fragment into the cytoplasm of mammalian cells. The cloned toxin expressed inEscherichia coli is secreted to the periplasmic space, where it is processed normally and folds into a native structure. When bacteria synthesizing the toxin are exposed to pH 5, they die rapidly. The toxin undergoes a conformational change that is believed to allow it to be inserted into the bacterial inner membrane and form channels, which proves lethal for the cell. The membrane insertion event mimics the process by which the toxin inserts into the endosomal membrane of mammalian cells, leading to release of the enzymic A fragment into the cytoplasm. The observation of pH-dependent bacterial lethality provides the basis for a positive genetic selection method for mutant forms of the toxin that are altered in ability to undergo membrane insertion or pore formation.

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      Forthcoming Special issue.

    • To trigger further research on plant mitochondria, the Journal of Biosciences is bringing out a special issue titled "Plant Mitochondria: Properties and Interactions with Other Organelles".

      Plant mitochondria are quite distinct and have unique features, such as a cyanide-insensitive alternate pathway. They also interact with chloroplasts to optimize photosynthetic carbon assimilation.

      Submissions are welcome until 30 July 2023. The contributions can be original articles, short communications, reviews, or mini-reviews on any topic related to plant mitochondria.

      Authors can submit their articles online at https://www.editorialmanager.com/jbsc/default2.aspx

      Posted on April 12, 2023
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