• R Jagannathan

      Articles written in Journal of Biosciences

    • In vitro drug screening system using membrane alteration in macrophages byMycobacterium leprae

      M V Mankar R Jagannathan P R Mahadevan

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      The observation that liveMycobacterium leprae on entry into macrophages from lepromatous leprosy patients reduced the number of EA rosetting macrophages, was extended to macrophages from Swiss white mice also. Further, the fact that deadMycobacterium leprae do not bring about such a change in macrophages from mice, allowed us to develop this into a bacterial viability testing system. Thus drug treated macrophages in the presence ofMycobacterium leprae showed normal rosetting ability ifMycobacterium leprae are inactivated by the drug, but showed reduced level of rosetting when bacteria were not susceptible to the drug. It was shown that a drug like dapsone, does act onMycobacterium leprae based on its permeability, quantity available inside the macrophages and inhibition of its action by Para amino benzoic acid. The inactivation ofMycobacterium leprae by sulphone and rifampicin was also proved by the flourescence diacetate method, which showed poorly viable bacteria after exposure to drugs. Thus it has been possible to develop a rapid drug screening method for testing the activity of unknown compound againstMycobacterium leprae.

    • Minimum inhibitory concentration of drugs againstMycobacterium leprae as determined by anin vitro assay

      R Jagannathan P R Mahadevan

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      The observations that liveMycobacterium leprae after entry into cultured peritoneal macrophages from mice, reduced the EA rosetting macrophages, have been exploited to determine the minimum inhibitory concentration of diamino diphenyl sulphone and rifampicin. Diamino diphenyl sulphone showed a minimum inhibitory concentration of 0.028 μg/ml and rifampicin 0.11μg/ml when given externally. However, there was accumulation of diamino diphenyl sulphone inside the macrophages. At an external concentration of 0.028 μg/ml the concentration inside the macrophage was 0.5μg/ml. The minimum inhibitory concentration for diamino diphenyl sulphone in this assay system is higher by several folds and that for rifampicin is slightly lower, than what is reported earlier with mice foot pad experiments. The minimum inhibitory concentration reported in this assay system is quite close to what is observed forin vitro inhibition ofMycobacterium lufu with both the drugs

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