• R Biswas

      Articles written in Journal of Biosciences

    • Binding of thyroid hormone to mouse granulosa cell nuclei and its biological relevance

      R Biswas A Bandyopadhyay S Guin S Bhattacharya

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      Thyroid hormone showed specific binding ability to mouse granulosa cells from immature mice, primed with post menopausal gonadotropin. Saturation of specific binding sites was reached by 2 nM concentration of the hormone. A Scatchard analysis of thyroid hormone binding exhibited a Kd of 42 x l0-9M/mg nuclear DNA and a maximum binding capacity of 1 pmol/mg nuclear DNA. Competitive inhibition studies showed thyroid hormone binding to be analogue specific. Addition of 100 ng of thyroid hormone to granulosa cell incubations (1 x 106 cells/well) resulted in a three-fold increase in cellular protein synthesis. Thyroid hormone resulted in a dose dependant increase in progesterone release from granulosa cell. It also stimulated the formation of pregnenolone (83%) and progesterone (81%) from radiolabeled cholesterol as compared to control. This stimulation by thyroid hormone was completely inhibited by cycloheximide. Results indicate a direct effect of thyroid hormone on granulosa cells, its binding to nuclei causing an increase in steroidogenesis through the mediation of protein(s).

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