• Qin Wang

      Articles written in Journal of Biosciences

    • Redifferentiation of human hepatoma cells (SMMC-7721) induced by two new highly oxygenated bisabolane-type sesquiterpenes

      Ruidong Miao Juan Wei Q I Zhang Venkateswara Sajja Jinbo Yang Qin Wang

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      Bisabolane-type sesquiterpenes are a class of biologically active compounds that has antitumour, antifungal, antibacterial, antioxidant and antivenom properties. We investigated the effect of two new highly oxygenated bisabolane-type sesquiterpenes (HOBS) isolated from Cremanthodium discoideum (C. discoideum) on tumour cells. Our results showed that HOBS induced morphological differentiation and reduced microvilli formation on the cell surface in SMMC-7721 cells. Flow cytometry analysis demonstrated that HOBS could induce cell-cycle arrest in the G1 phase. Moreover, HOBS was able to increase tyrosine-𝛼-ketoglutarate transaminase activity, decrease 𝛼-foetoprotein level and 𝛾-glutamyl transferase activity. In addition, we found that HOBS inhibited the anchorage-independent growth of SMMC-7721 cells in a dose-dependent manner. Taken together, all the above observations indicate that HOBS might be able to normalize malignant SMMC-7721 cells by inhibiting cell proliferation and inducing redifferentiation.

    • STAT3 mutations correlated with hyper-IgE syndrome lead to blockage of IL-6/STAT3 signalling pathway

      Jianxin He Jie Shi Ximing Xu Wenhua Zhang Yuxin Wang Xing Chen Yuping Du Ning Zhu Jing Zhang Qin Wang Jinbo Yang

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      Of all the causes identified for the disease hyper-immunoglobulinemia E syndrome (HIES), a homozygous mutation in tyrosine kinase2 (TYK2) and heterozygous mutations in STAT3 are implicated the defects in Jak/STAT signalling pathway in the pathogenesis of HIES. Mutations of STAT3 have been frequently clinically identified in autosomal-dominant (AD) HIES patients’ cells, and therefore, the genotype of STAT3 has been associated with the phenotype of HIES. Here, we conducted studies on the functional loss of the seven specific STAT3 mutations correlated with ADHIES. Using STAT3-null human colon carcinoma cell line A4 cells, we generated seven mutants of STAT3 bearing single mutations clinically identified in AD-HIES patients’ cells and studied the functional loss of these mutants in IL-6-Jak/STAT3 signalling pathway. Our results show that five STAT3 mutants bearing mutations in the DNA-binding domain maintain the phosphorylation of Tyr705 and the ability of dimerization while the other two with mutations in SH2 domain are devoid of the phosphorylation of Try705 and abrogate the dimerization in response to IL-6. The phosphorylation of Ser727 in these mutants shows diversity in response to IL-6. These mutations eventually converge on the abnormalities of the IL-6/Gp130/Jak2-mediated STAT3 transactivation on target genes, indicative of the dysregulation of JAK/STAT signalling present in HIES.

    • miR-425-5p suppresses tumorigenesis and DDP resistance in human-prostate cancer by targeting GSK3 β and inactivating the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway

      SHENG LIU QIN WANG YIN LIU ZONG-YU XIA

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      Prostate cancer (PCa) represents the most frequently diagnosed cancer in men. Cisplatin, also known as cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(DDP), is a standard chemotherapeutic agent used to treat PCa, and DDP resistance remains one important obstacle inDDP-based chemotherapy. In our research, we found miR-425-5p was down-regulated in PCa and even lower in DDP-resistantPCa determined by quantitative polymerase chain reaction; in contrast, GSK3b mRNA expression was upregulated in PCa andeven higher in DDP-resistant PCa. Moreover, there was a modest but significant inverse correlation between the expression ofGSK3bmRNA and miR-425-5p. Functional experiments showed that miR-425-5p mimic inhibited DDP resistance as evidencedby a promoted apoptosis rate (flow cytometry) and suppressed cell viability (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazoliumbromide assay) and expressions of MDR1 andMRP1 (western blotting) in DU145/DDP and PC3/DDP cells. Luciferase reporterassay and RNA immunoprecipitation identifiedGSK3b was a potential target of miR-425-5p. The effect ofmiR-425-5pmimic onDDP resistance was partially reversed by pcDNA-GSK3b. Mechanically, miR-425-5p mimic reduced expression of b-catenin,cyclin D1 and C-myc, which was further blocked when GSK3b overexpressed. In vivo experiments, recovery of GSK3bprevented xenograft tumor growth and DDP resistance in the presence of miR-425-5p mimic. To sum up, miR-425-5p upregulationmight sensitize human PCa to DDP by targeting GSK3b and inactivating the Wnt/b-catenin signaling pathway.

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