Pranab L Pakrasi
Articles written in Journal of Biosciences
Volume 20 Issue 5 December 1995 pp 665-673
The estrogen agonistic and antagonistic properties of clomiphene citrate were investigated in the mice. Clomiphene citrate was tested at various doses of 0.1, 1.0, 10 and 100 μg for three consecutive days in immature and mature bilaterally ovariectomized mice. Clomiphene citrate showed uterotrophic activity in both immature and ovariectomized conditions. The lower doses of 0.1 and 1.0 μg were ineffective to show any uterotrophic stimulation. Clomiphene citrate at 10 μg dose produced 305.56% increase in uterine weight i.e., 27.70 ± 0.24 vs 6.83 ± 0.06 in immature and 182.27% i.e., 42.68 ± 1.12 vs 15.12 ± 0.57 in ovariectomized mice. Clomiphene citrate at 100 μg dose showed significant uterotrophic effect e.g., 435.57% i.e., 36.58 ±0.34 vs 6.83 ± 0.06 in immature and 586% i.e., 103.80 ± 0.60 in ovariectomized mice. When clomiphene citrate was administered in combination with 0.32 μg of estradiol 17-β it caused significant antagonistic effect (decrease in uterine weight) at 10 and 100 μg respectively. Clomiphene citrate at 10 μg dose produced 32% i.e., 28.93 ± 0.43 vs 38.04 ± 2.68 in immature and 35% i.e., 59.64±1.44 vs 83.34 ±0.25 in ovariectomized mice respectively. Histological observation clearly showed that clomiphene citrate at 10 and 100 μg doses did not cause any differential hypertrophy of the epithelial layer. Similar doses in combination with estradiol produced significant antagonistic effect on uterine weight and luminal epithelial cell height.
Volume 22 Issue 2 March 1997 pp 267-271
Prostaglandins are considered to be one of the important mediators of ovum implantation. Various lipoxygenase products also have been implicated along with PGs for this process. A specific rather than preferential inhibitor of 5-lipoxygenase is used to investigate the role of leukotrienes in the event of implantation and decidualization process in mice. AA861, a selective inhibitor of 5-lipoxygenase is used in different dose levels like 50,100 and 500 μg in (A) intact pregnant mice (on D1-D4 and D2-D4 and D4); (B) delayed mice on (D3-D8); (C) pseudopregnant traumatized mice (on D1-D4). All the experimental animals of group A were killed on D6. Estrogen injected delayed animals of group Â were killed 48 h after the induction of implantation. Implantation sites were counted as blue spot and compared with those of control animals. Traumatized animals of group C were killed 24 h after the mechanical traumatization and uterine weights were compared with those of vehicle treated controls. Results show that AA861 could not inhibit ovum implantation in either intact or ovariectomized delayed animals. It also did not show any adverse effect on tubal transport or development of embryos. AA861 did not have any inhibitory role on decidualization of pseudopregnant uteri also.
This experiment shows that a selective inhibitor of 5-lipoxygenase enzyme may not impair the implantation in mice indicating a doubt about the involvement of 5-lipoxygenase products in implantation.