• P Roy

      Articles written in Journal of Biosciences

    • Chemical modification studies onCocos nucifera pollen allergens

      P Roy Karmakar B P Chatterjee

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      Two highly active allergens Cn II (Mr 158,000) and CnVII (Mr 2900) isolated fromCocos nucifera pollen extract were treated with various protein modifying reagents in order to ascertain the amino acid residues responsible for their allergenicity, In Cn II modification of carboxy group and tryptophan residue led to 30 and ≽ 75% loss in allergenicity and those of lysine and tyrosine reduced 62 and 38% activity, Lysine, tyrosine, tryptophan and carboxy group of CnVII were also modified causing 81, 17, ≽ 70 and 26% loss of allergenicity respectively, Allergenicity of both was highly affected by pronase and moderately affected by heat, Periodate destroyed about 50% of their allergenicity and other chemical reagents except urea had no remarkable effect

    • Bioactive forms of gonadotropin releasing hormone in the brain of an Indian major carp,Catla catla (Ham.)

      S Halder P Roy A Chatterjee S Bhattacharya

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      Two forms of biologically active gonadotropin releasing hormones were isolated from the hypothalami ofCatla catla. Gonadotropin releasing hormone activity was studiedin vitro using enzymatically dispersed carp pituitary cell incubation system. Gonadotropin released into the medium was measured by carp gonadotropin-radio immuno assay. Acetic acid extracted hypothalamic material was subjected to acetone fractionation. Among the three protein pellets obtained at different time periods (ACI, ACII and ACIII), AC II exhibited the gonadotropin releasing hormone activity. Gel filtration of AC II through Sephadex G-25 column showed three protein peaks (SG I, SG II SGIII) and only S G II demonstrated strong gonadotropin releasing hormone activity. Elution of SG II through FPLC Mono Q column (an anion exchanger) in NaCl gradient programme showed one unadsorbed (MQ I) and three adsorbed (MQ II, MQ III and MQ IV) protein peaks. MQ III, which was eluted with 51% NaCl, exhibited gonadotropin releasing hormone activity. Surprisingly, unadsorbed fractions, MQ I, also showed gonadotropin releasing hormone activity. MQ 1 was therefore subjected to FPLC Mono S (a cation exchanger) column chromatography where a highly active gonadotropin releasing hormone enriched peak, i.e., MS III, could be eluted with 45% NaCl. These findings show thatCatla catla hypothalamus has two forms of gonadotropin releasing hormones one anionic (carp gonadotropin releasing hormone I) and another cationic (carp gonadotropin releasing hormone II). These two forms of gonadotropin releasing hormones were also active in heterologous carp species, rohu(Labeo rohita), mrigal(Cirrhinus mrigala) and an exotic common carp(Cyprinus carpio). Combined activity of two forms of gonadotropin releasing hormones was significantly greater as compared to any of the single form.

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