• P Ramaprasad

      Articles written in Journal of Biosciences

    • Stick enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay using the avidin-biotin system for detection of circulating antigen in bancroftian filariasis

      K A Parkhe P Ramaprasad B C Harinath

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      Detection of filarial antigen in different groups of sera was carried out by sandwich as well as inhibition enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays using antibody-coated sticks. Both systems were found to be equally sensitive in detecting antigen in 90% of microfilariae carriers. Incorporation of avidin-biotin in the sandwich assay system increased the sensitivity of antigen detection from 10−6 to 10−16 pg. A 67% decrease in the number of false negative results was observed when the sensitive avidin-biotin inhibition enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay system was used for analysis of filaria blood samples.

    • Analysis, characterization and diagnostic use of circulating filarial antigen in bancroftian filariasis

      K A Parkhe M V R Reddy K Cheirmaraj P Ramaprasad B C Harinath

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      Sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of circulating filarial antigen fraction-2 isolated from plasma of microfilaraemic patients withWuchereria bancrofti infection has shown 21 bands with molecular weights ranging from 12 to 120 kDa. The gel (12 cm) was sliced at an interval of one cm and the eluates of all the gel slicesviz., CFA2-1 to CFA2-12 showed the presence of filarial antigen by sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The low molecular weight circulating filarial antigen fractions were found to share a common epitope withWuchereria bancrofti microfilariae excretory-secretory antigen and urinary filarial antigen. The 3 antigen fractions CFA2-1, CFA2-9 and CFA2-12 showed higher sensitivity in detecting filarial immunoglobulin M antibodies than immunoglobulin G antibodies. However CFA2-9 fraction was found useful in serological differentiation of microfilaraemics from those with disease manifestations when filarial immunoglobulin G antibodies were detected. The antigenic epitope of CFA2-1 appears to be a carbohydrate, whereas CFA2-9 appears to be protein in nature.

    • Diagnostic utility of fractionated urinary filarial antigen

      V Chenthamarakshan U M Padigel P Ramaprasad M V R Reddy B C Harinath

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      Urinary filarial antigen isolated from urine samples of microfilaraemic patients was analysed for its antigenic activity by immunoblotting and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay techniques. SDS-PAGE fractionation of urinary filarial antigen showed 11 protein bands, of which two showed reactivity with immunoglobulin-G fraction of filarial serum immunoglobulin in immunoblotting. Antigenic analysis of SDS-PAGE fractions of urinary filarial antigen by inhibition enzyme linked immunosorbent assay using filarial serum immunoglobulin-G andWuchereria bancrofti microfilarial excretory-secretory antigen revealed 3 fractions, numbers 5, 6 and 9 with significant activity. In indirect enzyme linked immunosorbent assay using fractions 5 and 6, filarial immunoglobulin-G antibody was detected in about 90% of microfilaraemics, 80% clinical filariasis and 20% of endemic normal individuals. Further, there was no phosphorylcholine epitope in these fractions. Fractions 5 and 6 can be a candidate antigens for the immunodiagnosis of filariasis.

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