P R Adiga
Articles written in Journal of Biosciences
Volume 1 Issue 2 June 1979 pp 109-124
Diamine oxidase (EC 126.96.36.199) was purified from 5-day-old etiolated seedlings of
Volume 1 Issue 3 September 1979 pp 317-326
A preparation rich in the specific messenger RNA involved in the synthesis of prolactin from sheep anterior pituitary glands was obtained by employing both the immunochemical and affinity techniques. A dose-dependent and efficient stimulation of protein synthesis by the isolated total pituitary RNA as well as poly (A) rich RNA were achieved with the reticulocyte system. The synthesis of prolactin as one of the translational products of this cell-free system was established by specific immunoprecipitation followed by resolution on sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis.
Volume 2 Issue 1 March 1980 pp 75-86
In the developing male rat around 40 days of age, the testis appears to contain the maximum amount of lutropin receptors per unit weight. During this period, circulating levels of testosterone markedly increase without the concomitant major surges in lutropin levels. The increased sensitivity and responsiveness of tests to basal levels of circulating lutropin during this period is accompanied by enhanced serum prolactin levels suggesting that this hormone may be involved in this process. The finding that prolactin treatment of pubertal rats for 3 days induced the formation of more testicular lutropin receptors supports the above premise. However, shortterm immunoneutralisation of endogenous prolactin did not significantly alter the specific binding of [ 125 I ]-labelled lutropin to testicular membranes. Interestingly, during development, a close correction exists between receptor occupancy and capacity of the tissue to bind labelled lutropin. The apparent dissociation between serum lutropin levels, on the one hand and tissue occupancy and free receptor contents on the other, suggests that factors other than lutropin (presumably prolactin) are involved in the modulation of the sensitivity and the responsiveness of the testis to lutropin during early development.
Volume 4 Issue 2 June 1982 pp 227-237
The kinetics of estrogen-induced accumulation of riboflavin-carrier protein in the plasma was investigated in immature male rats using a specific and sensitive homologous radio-immunoassay procedure developed for this purpose. Following a single injection of the steroid hormone, plasma riboflavin-carrier protein levels increased markedly after an initial lag period of approximately 24 h, reaching peak levels around 96 h and declining thereafter. A 1.5 fold amplification of the inductive response was evident on secondary stimulation with the hormone. The magnitude of the response was dependent on hormonal dose, whereas the initial lag phase and the time of peak riboflavin-carrier protein induction were unaltered within the range of the steroid doses (0.1–10 mg/ kg body wt.) tested. Simultaneous administration of progesterone did not affect either the kinetics or the maximum level of the protein induced. The hormonal specificity of this induction was further adduced by the effect of administration of antiestrogens viz., En and Zu chlomiphene citrates, which effectively curtailed hormonal induction of the protein. That the induction involved
Volume 7 Issue 2 March 1985 pp 77-94
The hormonal modulation of thiamin carrier protein in the plasma and uterine luminal secretion during the normal reproductive phases of the animal (estrous cycle and pregnancy) as well as during experimental estrogenisation was investigated in the rat using a specific and sensitive homologous radioimmunoassay procedure developed for this purpose. Following a single injection of estrogen to immature male rats, thiamin carrier protein rapidly accumulated in plasma attaining peak concentration at 48 h and declining thereafter. A 1.5-fold amplification of the inductive response was observed on secondary stimulation with the hormone. The magnitude of the response exhibited a clear dependency on the dose of the steroid hormone, whereas the time at which peak levels of thiamin carrier protein production was remained unaltered in the concentration range of the steroid tested. The inductive effect of estrogen was severely curtailed by the antiestrogens,
Volume 7 Issue 3-4 June 1985 pp 331-343
A simple, reproducible and rapid protocol for the purification of arginine decarboxylase from
Volume 10 Issue 2 June 1986 pp 193-202
Poly A enriched RNA from either liver or oviduct of estradiol-17β treated immature chicks supported [3H]-leucine incorporation into immunoprecipitable riboflavin carrier protein in a dose-dependent manner when translated in the rabbit reticulocyte lysate system. Primary translation product of riboflavin carrier protein had a molecular weight of 38,000 which on incubation with a stripped hepatic microsomal preparation was processed to a product with a size comparable to native riboflavin carrier protein. Poly A enriched RNA from both the liver and the oviduct of estrogen-treated birds stimulated [3H]-leucine incorporation into riboflavin carrier protein and this was 2–3 fold higher during secondary stimulation
Volume 10 Issue 2 June 1986 pp 203-213
A purified preparation of arginine decarboxylase from
Volume 10 Issue 3 September 1986 pp 373-391
The multifunctional enzyme, putrescine synthase has been purified from
Volume 11 Issue 1-4 March 1987 pp 571-579
A homogenous PreParation of Putrescine synthase, the versatile multifunctional enzyme involved in agmatine →Putrescine conversion in
Volume 13 Issue 1 March 1988 pp 87-104
Riboflavin carrier protein which is obligatorily involved in yolk deposition of the vitamin in the chicken egg, is a unique glycophosphoprotein present in both the yolk and white compartments. The yolk and egg white proteins are products of a single estrogen-inducible gene expressed in the liver and the oviduct respectively of egg laying birds. Despite the fact that the carbohydrate composition of the yolk and white riboflavin carrier proteins differ presumably due to differential post-translational modification, the proteins are immunologically similar and have identical amino acid sequence (including a cluster of 8 phosphoser residues towards the C-terminus) except at the carboxy terminus where the yolk riboflavin carrier protein lacks 13 amino acids as a consequence of proteolytic cleavage during uptake by oocytes. The protein is highly conserved throughout evolution all the way to humans in terms of gross molecular characteristics such as molecular weight and isoelectric point, and in immunological properties, preferential affinity for free riboflavin and estrogen inducibility at the biosynthetic locus
Volume 14 Issue 3 September 1989 pp 221-231
The purified biotin binding protein of pregnant rat serum was shown to be immunologically similar to rat serum albumin as assessed by a sensitive radioimmunoassay. In radioimmunoassay for rat biotin binding protein, the binding of [125I] rat biotin binding protein to anti-chicken egg yolk biotin binding protein antibodies was displaced by both rat serum (10–100 nl) and purified rat serum albumin (0.1–10 ng). Similarly, in radioimmunoassay for rat serum albumin the binding of [125I] rat serum albumin to either anti-rat serum albumin antibodies or anti-chicken egg yolk biotin binding protein antibodies was displaced by unlabelled rat biotin binding protein at comparable concentration range (0·5–10 ng). Significant fractions of radioiodinated rat biotin binding protein and rat serum albumin bound to antibodies to chicken egg yolk biotin binding protein. In immature rats, the circulating half-lives of rat biotin binding protein and rat serum albumin were determined to be 12 and 17 h respectively. The rat biotin binding protein and rat serum albumin were analysed by techniques that exploit their physicochemical properties. They displayed similar electrophoretic mobilities in alkaline as well as denaturing sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gels. However, in nonequilibrium pH gradient polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, they resolved clearly. In two-dimensional tryptic peptide map analysis, the two proteins showed similarities as well as significant differences in the relative distribution patterns of their iodopeptides. These results showed that the primary structure of rat biotin binding protein and rat serum albumin were different in finer details despite the fact that they shared significant immunological cross-reactivity.
Volume 17 Issue 2 June 1992 pp 151-165
Monoclonal antibodies raised against chicken egg white riboflavin carrier protein were classified into seven categories each recognizing a distinct epitope. Of these, six were directed against conformation dependent epitopes and one to a sequential epitope. The roles of lysine residues and the post-translationally attached phosphate and oligosaccharide moieties in the antigenicity of riboflavin carrier protein recognized by the monoclonal antibodies were investigated. The binding region of three monoclonal antibodies could be located within the 87–219 amino acid sequence of the protein and one antibody among these recognized a sequence of 182–204 amino acid residues. All the monoclonal antibodies were able to recognize riboflavin carrier proteins present in the sera of pregnant rats, cows and humans indicating that the epitopes to which they are directed are conserved through evolution from chicken to the human.