• P K Ranjekar

      Articles written in Journal of Biosciences

    • DNA sequence organization in finger millet (Eleusine coracana)

      Vidya S Gupta P K Ranjekar

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      Approximately 39 to 49% of the genome of finger millet consists of repetitive DNA sequences which intersperse with 18% of single copy DNA sequences of 1900 nucleotide pairs. Agarose gel filtration and electrophoresis experiments have yielded the sizes of interspersed repeated sequences as 4000–4200 nucleotide pairs and 150–200 nucleotide pairs. Approximately 20% of the repeated DNA sequences (4000–4200 nucleotide pairs) are involved in long range interspersion pattern, while 60% of the repeated DNA sequences (150–200 nucleotide pairs) are involved in short period interspersion pattern.

      Based on the data available in literature and the results described here on DNA sequence organization in plants, it is proposed that plants with haploid DNA content of more than 2.5 pg exhibit mostly the short period interspersion pattern, while those with haploid DNA content of less than 2.5 pg show diverse patterns of genome organization.

    • Analysis of bovidae genomes: Arrangement of repeated and single copy DNA sequences in bovine, goat and sheep

      Uma Mehra P K Ranjekar

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      Approximately 43–60% of the total genome in bovine, goat and sheep consisted of interspersed repeated and single copy DNA sequences. Most of the interspersed repeated DNA sequences were 1500–2400 nucleotide pair long while a minor portion was more than 4000 nucleotide pair long in goat and sheep and 3200 nucleotide pair long in bovine. About 1/3rd of single copy sequence were interspersed and their length was in the range of 1000–1500 nucleotide pairs.

    • Molecular organization of great millet (Sorghum vulgare) DNA

      Lakshmi Sivaraman Vidya S Gupta P K Ranjekar

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      Approximately 52% of the nuclear genome of great millet(Sorghum vulgare) consists of repetitive DNA which can be grouped into very fast, fast and slow components. The reiteration frequencies of the fast and slow reassociating components are {dy7000} and 92 respectively. Approximately 90% of the genome consists of repeated sequences interspersed amongst themselves and with single copy sequences. The interspersed repeat sequences are of three sizesviz. > 1·5 kilobase pairs, 0·5–1·0 kilobase pairs and 0·15–0·30 kilobase pairs while the size of the single copy sequences is 3·0 kilobase pairs. Hence the genome organization of great millet is essentially of a mixed type

    • 5-Methylcytosine content and methylation status in six millet DNAs

      Lalitha S Kumar R R Hendre P K Ranjekar

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      High performance liquid chromatographic analysis of the total nuclear DNAs of 6 millets plant species indicates that the 5-methylcytosine content ranges from 3% in barn yard millet to 9.6% in great millet while the fraction of cytosines methylated varies between 14% in little millet to 31 % in pearl millet. Digestion of millet DNAs with MspI/HpaII suggests that CpG methylation is more in great millet DNA while CpC methylation is more in the other 5 millet DNAs. Digestion of millet DNAs with MboI, Sau3AI andDpnI indicates that some of the5’ GATC3’ sequences are methylated at adenine and/or cytosine residues except in little millet where adenine methylation of the5’GATC3’ sequences is insignificant and there is a predominance of cytosine methylation in these sequences.

    • Molecular cloning and restriction enzyme analysis of a long repetitive DNA sequence in rice

      V S Gupta M S Dhar B G Patil G S Narvekar S R Ra Wat P K Ranjekar

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      Rice long repetitive DNA (9–20 kbp) reassociating at Cot 50 M.s was cloned in pBR325. Out of several recombinants (Camr Ampr Tets), only a few were selected randomly for further characterization. The insert size in all these clones was 3–4 kbp. Restriction enzyme analysis showed the absence ofEcoRI andBclI sites, presence of a singlePstI andPvuII site and multiple sites forAluI in 3 clones namely pRLl, pRL7 and pRL10.

      TheBamHI-PstI fragment of about 0.4 kbp in the pRL7 insert DNA (pRL7-0.4 kbp) was subcloned in M13mpl8 and partially sequenced using Sanger’s dideoxynucleotide chain termination method. Dot matrix comparison of this sequence with rice rDNA sequences revealed low homology with the 25 S rDNA sequence of rice, however, hybridisation did not indicate any homology.

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