• N Mallikarjuna Rao

      Articles written in Journal of Biosciences

    • Studies on plant gums. Proteases in neem (Azadirachta indica) gum

      B Ramakrishna Nayak N Mallikarjuna Rao T N Pattabiraman

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      Proteolytic activity was detected in neem (Azadirachta indica) exudate gum when tested with casein and albumin as substrates. The enzyme activity was separated into two fractions by chromatography on TEAE-cellulose after EDTA treatment. Both the enzyme fractions were fairly stable to high temperatures and wide range of pH conditions. The pH optima were found to be around 6.5. Phenylmethyl sulphonylfluoride inhibited the activity of both the fractions. EDTA, Β-mercaptoethanol, tosylamide phenylethylchloromethylketone, tosyllysine chloroimethylketone,p-chloromercuribenzoate and dithiobis-2-nitrobenzoie acid did not affect the activity of the two enzyme fractions. The two fractions had no hydrolytic action on a variety of synthetic substrates tested.

    • Enzyme inhibitors from plants. Isolation and characterization of a protease inhibitor from arrow root (Maranta arundinaceae) tuber

      N Mallikarjuna Rao H Nayana Rao T N Pattabiraman

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      A protease inhibitor from arrow root (Maranta arundinaceae) tuber has been isolated in a homogeneous form. The inhibitor has a Mr of 11,000-12,000; it inhibited bovine trypsin, bovine enterokinase, bovine α-chymotrypsin and the proteolytic activity of human and bovine pancreatic preparations. The inhibitor is resistant to pepsin, and elastase. It could withstand heat treatment at 100°C for 60 min and exposure to a wide range of pH (1.0–12.5) for 72 h at 4°C without loss of activity. Arginyl groups are essential for the action of the inhibitor. Preincubation of the inhibitor at pH 3.7 with trypsin or chymotrypsin caused nearly a two-fold increase in inhibitor potency

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      Forthcoming Special issue.

    • To trigger further research on plant mitochondria, the Journal of Biosciences is bringing out a special issue titled "Plant Mitochondria: Properties and Interactions with Other Organelles".

      Plant mitochondria are quite distinct and have unique features, such as a cyanide-insensitive alternate pathway. They also interact with chloroplasts to optimize photosynthetic carbon assimilation.

      Submissions are welcome until 30 July 2023. The contributions can be original articles, short communications, reviews, or mini-reviews on any topic related to plant mitochondria.

      Authors can submit their articles online at https://www.editorialmanager.com/jbsc/default2.aspx

      Posted on April 12, 2023
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      Posted on July 25, 2019

      Click here for Editorial Note on CAP Mode

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