• N J Chinoy

      Articles written in Journal of Biosciences

    • Differential contractile response of normal vas deferens of rodents in correlation to their calcium and electrolyte levels

      N J Chinoy M R Chinoy

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      The contractile pattern of the vas deferens in three different rodents, rat, guinea pig and mouse was studied in response to adrenaline and noradrenaline. The left vas deferens of rat was more responsive to the graded doses of adrenaline and noradrenaline than the right. The same was also true for guinea pig and mouse vas deferens. This differential response has been correlated with the greater concentrations of calcium and sodium in the right vas deferens in rats and guinea pigs and it might also be related to the levels of membrane-bound and intracellular calmodulin-bound calcium. It is suggested that the left vas deferens might possess more calmodulin-bound calcium than the right, which might have instead, more membrane-bound calcium.

    • Role of ascorbic acid in metabolism of rat testis and epididymis in relation to the onset of puberty

      N J Chinoy M V Rao R Asok Kumar

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      The metabolism of ascorbic acid, cholesterol, serum testosterone level and activities of 3Β and 17Β hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases were studied in testis and Cauda epididymis of prepubertal, pubertal and postpubertal (5, 15, 30, 45, 55 and 60 day old) rats. The data showed that serum testosterone levels and 3Β and 17Β hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases were increased with the age. The ascorbic acid metabolism was found to be stabilized in testis at day 30 being comparable with the adult, whereas a spurt in its metabolism occurred by day 45 and a significant depletion in ascorbic acid content in relation to the passage of the first wave of spermatozoa through cauda epididymis. The results of this study clearly elucidate that ascorbic acid is involved in metabolism of testis and epididymis in developing postnatal rats, in relation to the increasing demands for attaining a stable hormonal milieu, and the onset of puberty and the passage of the first wave of spermatozoa,via the formation of its free radical monodehydroascorbic acid and charge transfer complex mechanism

    • Structure and physiology of mammalian vas deferens in relation to fertility regulation

      N J Chinoy

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      The structural and functional integrity of the vas deferens and its role in ensuring the fertilizing ability, viability of spermatozoa and their survival in the vas deferens, are elucidated. The regulation of the function of the vas deferens and the differential androgen dependency of its two regions have been discussed in relation to its secretory and absorptive activities as well as its contractility. The importance of ascorbic acid in maintaining its functions has also been investigated.

      The potentiality of the use of an androgen antagonist, steroids (testosterone, estradiol benzoate), prostaglandins, copper devices, vasectomy, vasocclusive agents, effects of nutr itional deficiencies, human chorionic gonadotropin-antiserum and plant products as antifertility agents have been discussed.

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