• Mohan C Vemuri

      Articles written in Journal of Biosciences

    • Regulation of cellular signals by G-proteins

      K Sandhya Mohan C Vemuri

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      Extracellular signals are transduced across the cell by the cell surface receptors, with the aid of G-proteins, which act at a critical point of signal transduction and cellular regulation. Structurally, G-proteins are heterotrimeric consisting α, β and γ subunits but in functionally active state they dissociate into α subunit coupled to GTP and as βγ dimer. G-proteins can be broadly divided into two classes based on their sensitivity to pertussis toxin and cholera toxin. Existence of various forms of each of the subunit allows molecular diversity in the subunit species of G-proteins. These subunits interact with a wide range of receptors and effectors, facilitated by post translational modification of their subunits. Different types of G-proteins mediate several signalling events in different parts of the body. This review summarizes the features of (i) structural and functional heterogenity among different subunits of G-proteins, (ii) interaction of G-proteins and their subunits with effectors with specific cases of G-protein mediated signalling in olfaction, phototransduction in the retina,ras andrasrelated transduction and (iii) disease conditions associated with malfunctioning of G-proteins.

    • Genome analysis for nucleotide interactions in fully sequenced genomes of selective prokaryotes

      B V L S Prasaot Mohan C Vemuri

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      Fully sequenced prokaryotic genomes ofEscherichia coli, Haemophilus influenzae andMethanococcus janaschii were subjected .to genome analysis for nucleotide interactions. The analysis was restricted to inter-nucleotide relations like two nucleotides in a dinucleotide, three nucleotides in a codon and two codons in a dicon. This relational analysis was carried out in C language and was compiled on a C++ compiler. The relational analysis showed a preferential dinucleotide frequency (the observed frequencies of AA and TT were higher than the expected frequency and the observed frequencies of CC and GG). From codon frequency distribution analysis, sub-codonic elements have been noticed, exerting that the first one or first two nucleotide may reasonably determine the next nucleotide(s) in a codon. The analysis further reveals the existence of short-range randomness or chaotic behaviour in prokaryotic genomes, which might be a forerunner for the origin of introns in eukaryotes, besides being involved in a regulatory role.

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