• Manoj K Das

      Articles written in Journal of Biosciences

    • Enhanced antibody response to a detergent-soluble antigen in human filariasis after treatment with diethylcarbamazine

      A K Praharaj Manoj K Das

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      An antigen fraction has been isolated from the water insoluble component of cattle filarial parasiteSetaria digitata by detergent NP-40 solubilization, precipitation with ammonium sulphate and fractionation on sephadex G-100. Immunoglobulin G response to the isolated antigenic fraction was selectively suppressed in asymptomatic microfilaraemic people in comparison to the amicrofilaraemic groups of endemic normals and chronic patients. However, treating microfilaraemic people with diethylcarbamazine enhanced the antibody levels by 10-fold. These results suggest that active infection suppresses the response induced by the isolated antigenic fraction which is elevated after clearance of microfilariae.

    • Antigenicity of filarial superoxide dismutase in human bancroftian filariasis

      Madhusmita Bal Manoj K Das

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      Superoxide dismutase activity was measured in different stages of growth of filarial parasites (human and cattle). The activity was almost undetected or very low in microfilarial stage but in adult worms, the enzyme activity was high. The enzyme was characterized to be a Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase. Most of the enzyme activity was associated with a detergent extractable fraction of adult (Setaria) parasite. The enzyme was also detected in thein vitro released products of adult worms. The superoxide dismutase activity was completely inhibited with IgG antibody from chronic filarial patients in contrast to IgG from normal people. Filarial patients particularly have high IgG and IgM antibody levels to purified enzyme. However, individuals from non-filarial regions of Orissa are sero-negative for superoxide dismutase antibodies. Antibody response to superoxide dismutase could thus be used for filarial diagnosis.

    • Age-related prevalence of antibodies to infective larvae ofWuchereria bancrofti in normal individuals from a filaria-endemic region

      M K Beuria M Bal A P Dash Manoj K Das

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      Antibody isotypic levels (IgM, IgE and IgG subclasses) to infective larvae (L3) ofWuchereria bancrofti were measured in 104 normal individuals from a filaria-endemic region in Orissa. The titres of antibodies were considerably higher in adults (n = 25, 25.1± 3.8 year) than in children (n = 52, 7.1 ± 2.1 year). Young children (n = 14) less than four years were seronegative to all isotypes other than IgM, the sero-conversion to which was achieved in the children (n=15) by the age of 7.5±1.2 years. The prevalence of other isotypes increased with age and reached a maximum in early adulthood (18.6 ±1.6 years), which persisted in older adults (> 30 years). However, the increase in IgG3 prevalence with age was less marked. IgG2 was detected only after 10 years of age. Compared to the high prevalence (100%) of IgM, IgE, IgG1, and IgG2, in adults. IgG3 and IgG4 prevalences were low, 35% and 28% respectively. IgA level to L3 antigen was found to be extremely low even in adults. These data indicate that the prevalence of L3 antibodies was different for different isotypes and the acquisition of antibody response essentially followed an age dependent pattern.

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