• Manoj K Das

      Articles written in Journal of Biosciences

    • Interactions of the channel forming peptide alamethicin with artificial and natural membranes

      Manoj K Das P Balaram

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      Alamethicin and related α-aminoisobutyric acid peptides form transmembrane channels across lipid bilayers. This article briefly reviews studies on the effect of alamethicin on lipid phase transitions in lipid bilayers and on mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation. Fluorescence polarization studies, employing 1,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene as a probe, suggest that alamethicin fluidizes lipid bilayers below the phase transition t-emperature, but has little effect above the gel-liquid crystal transition point. Alamethicin is shown to function as an uncoupler of oxidative phosphorylation in rat liver mitochondria. The influence of alamethicin on mitochondrial respiration is modulated by the phosphate ion concentration in the medium. Classical uncoupling activity is evident at low phosphate levels while inhibitory effects set in at higher phosphate concentrations. Time-dependent changes in respiration rates following peptide addition are rationalized in terms of alamethicin interactions with mitochondrial membrane components.

    • Immune response to an allergenic fraction ofSetaria digitata in human filariasis

      M K Beuria Manoj K Das

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      A low molecular weight antigenic fraction has been isolated from saline-soluble extracts of cattle filarial parasiteSetaria digitata. This glycoprotein fraction (Fr III) which appears to have low phosphorylcholine content cross-reacted with infective larval (L3) antigens ofWuchereria bancrofti. Binding of human chronic filarial serum with L3 antigens could be inhibited partially by Fr III. The fraction elicited immediate cutaneous hypersensitivity reaction in people living inWuchereria bancrofti endemic regions. The proportion of skin test positive cases was found to be highest in endemic normals in contrast to infected cases. IgE levels were however not different in chronic filariasis and in endemic normals (or in asymptomatic microfilaraemic carriers). On the other hand, specific IgG level was considerably enhanced only in chronic filariasis

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