• MARIUS MIHASAN

      Articles written in Journal of Biosciences

    • A soil bacterial catabolic pathway on the move: Transfer of nicotine catabolic genes between Arthrobacter genus megaplasmids and invasion by mobile elements

      RODERICH BRANDSCH MARIUS MIHASAN

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      The 165,137 bp plasmid pAO1 of Paenarthrobacter nicotinovorans carries the genes of a nicotine catabolicpathway. The genes are organized into several gene modules responsible for the catabolism of L- and D-nicotineto nicotine blue, a-ketoglutarate and succinate. Various modules of these genes have been shown to be presentin gram-positive (Gram+) soil bacteria. The presence of the identical pAO1 nic-genes on the 288,370 bpplasmid pZXY21 of Arthrobacter sp. ZXY2 (96% to 100% at the nucleotide level) permitted the identificationof the limits of this DNA fragment. At the 5' end of the nic-genes are located the ORFs of two predictedintegrases of the tyrosine recombinase family with conserved R, H, R and Y catalytic residues and that of asmall transposase with a predicted leucine zipper motive. They are related to Tn554A, Tn554B and Tn554C ofStaphylococcus aureus and suggest that the entire nic-genes DNA fragment represents a large catabolictransposon. Surprisingly the nic-genes on pZXY21 were found to be interspersed by mobile elements encodingtransposases of various IS families. Insertion of these IS elements disrupts nicotine degradation and divide thenic-genes DNA into potentially new transposons. This finding may illustrate how nicotine catabolic genes canbe mobilized and spread by horizontal gene transfer to other soil bacteria.

  • Journal of Biosciences | News

    • Editorial Note on Continuous Article Publication

      Posted on July 25, 2019

      Click here for Editorial Note on CAP Mode

© 2021-2022 Indian Academy of Sciences, Bengaluru.