• M T Tanuja

      Articles written in Journal of Biosciences

    • Evolution of a new chromosomal lineage in a laboratory population ofDrosophila through centric fission

      M T Tanuja N B Ramachandra H A Ranganath

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      Structural rearrangements of chromosomes have played a decisive role in the karyotypic evolution of species. It is also known that inversions, translocations, fusions, fissions, heterochromatin variations and other chromosomal changes occur as transient events in natural populations. Herein we report the occurrence of a rare event of centric fission of a metacentric chromosome in a laboratory population ofDrosophila, called Cytorace 1. This centric fission has been fixed in a sub-population of Cytorace 1, resulting in a new chromosomal lineage called Fissioncytorace-1.

    • Incipient sexual isolation in thenasuta-albomicans complex ofDrosophila: No-choice experiments

      M T Tanuja N B Ramachandra H A Ranganath

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      Drosophila nasuta nasuta andDrosophila nasuta albomicans are cross-fertile races ofDrosophila. Hybridization between these races in the laboratory has given rise to new races (Cytoraces), among which karyotypic composition differs from one another and also from those of the parental races. In this study, we search for the evidence of incipient reproductive isolation among the parental races and four Cytoraces by assessing the fraction of no-matings, mating latency and copulation duration in all possible types of homo- and heterogamic crosses (N = 4184). In no-choice conditions, the latency time (time to initiation of copulation) is lower in homogamic crosses than in heterogamic crosses for both parental races and Cytoraces. Latency time and copulation duration are negatively correlated, whereas fraction of no matings is positively correlated with latency time. Thus these six closely related races of thenasuta-albomicans complex show the initiation of the earliest stages of pre-zygotic isolation, manifested as a tendency for matings to be initiated earlier and more often, and for a longer duration, among homogamic rather than heterogamic individuals.

    • Incipient sexual isolation in thenasuta-albomicans complex ofDrosophila: mating preference in male-, female- and multiple-choice mating experiments

      M T Tanuja N B Ramachandra H A Ranganath

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      Interracial divergence is an important facet of speciation. Thenasuta-albomicans complex ofDrosophila with sixteen morphologically identical, karyotypically different but cross-fertile races is an excellent system to study a few dimensions of raciation.Drosophila nasuta nasuta, Drosophila nasuta albomicans, Cytorace 1, Cytorace 2, Cytorace 3 and Cytorace 4 of this subgroup have been subjected to male-, female- and multiple-choice mating experiments. Out of 8456 crosses conducted, 7185 had successful matings. The overall impression is that mating is far from random amongst these six closely related races of thenasuta-albomicans complex. The males ofD. n. albomicans, Cytorace 1 and Cytorace 4 in male-choice, the females of Cytorace 1 and Cytorace 2 in female-choice, and the males and females ofD. n. nasuta, D. n. albomicans, Cytorace 1 and Cytorace 4 against the males and females of Cytorace 2 in multiple-choice experiments, had significantly more homogamic matings than expected. Thus in this study of evolutionary experimentation on raciation under laboratory conditions, we have documented the initiation of preference for con-specific matings among closely related and independently evolving members of thenasuta-albomicans complex ofDrosophila.

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