• M M Johri

      Articles written in Journal of Biosciences

    • Screening of monoclonal antibodies to scarce and labile enzymes: A functional immunoassay for isolating monoclonal antibodies to NADPH:nitrate reductase

      Bosco M A Henriques Rasheed J Mistri M M Johri

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      A functional immunoassay, that has proved very useful, is described for screening and identifying monoclonal antibodies (McAbs) against scarce and labile enzymes. This method does not require purified enzyme or antigen and it has been successfully applied to isolate three hybridomas secreting McAbs to NADPH:nitrate reductase from the chloronema cells of the mossFunaria hygrometrica. Briefly, the protocol involves: adsorption of murine antibodies from hybridoma supernatants by rabbit antimouse IgG antibody pre-adsorbed toStaphylococcus aureus cells (SAC), reaction with crude extract for 15 min, sedimentation of the SAC complex by centrifugation and measurement of residual enzymatic activity in the supernatant. A depletion indicates the presence of antibodies that bind to the active enzyme. The method is rapid, sensitive and versatile enough to be used to isolate McAbs with exquisite specificities. The three isolated McAbs recognized nitrate reductase protein in a conformation-independent and/or a conformation-dependent manner.

    • Improved methods to detect GTP-binding proteins from plants

      Kishore C S Panigrahi M M Johri

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      Improved methods are described for the detection of G1P-binding proteins (G-proteins) in the protonema of mossFunaria hygrometrica and coleoptiles of corn(Zea mays) and sorghum(Sorghum vulgare). We optimized conditions for the transfer of proteins to nitrocellulose, production of high titer polyclonal anti-Gα (common) antibodies and finally the detection of G-proteins by amplification. In addition to the α-subunit of heterotrimeric G-proteins (Mr 41–43 kDa), a small molecular weight class (< 30 kDa) was also detected by anti-Gα (common) antibodies. An easy, reliable and efficient filter assay is also described to quantify the toxin catalyzed ADP-ribosylation. The apparentKm of the NAD has been determined to be approximately 1.5μM for the microsomal fraction of moss. Inclusion of G1P stimulated ADP-ribosylation by 2–27-fold. One to three polypeptides representing the α-subunit of heterotrimeric G-proteins of (Mr 37–43 kDa) were ADP-ribosylated in all three plants. The anti-Gβ (C-terminus) antibody cross-reacted strongly with 39 and 34 kDa polypeptide in moss and corn respectively. By employing improved methods two classes of G-proteins have been shown to be present in three plant species.

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