• L V Venkataraman

      Articles written in Journal of Biosciences

    • Microbial load in mass cultures of green algaeScenedesmus acutus and its processed powder

      M Mahadevaswamy L V Venkataraman

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      Microbial contamination in cultures of the alga,Scenedesmus acutus raised in outdoor open tanks and also in the processed powder of the alga was monitored; The total bacterial population increased with time during the growth period of six days. When a combination of molasses and carbondioxide was employed as carbon source for this alga, the bacterial load increased to 10 colony forming units/ml. Yeast, molds and also coliforms were quantitated. Drum-drying the algae drastically reduced the bacterial load and storing the algal powder for a period of over 3 months did not increase the bacterial load. Pathogens likeSalmonella andStaphylococcus were not detectable either in the open cultures or in the drumdried algal powder. Although there are not set standards available in literature on the permissible level of the microbial contamination in algal biomass for use in foods, the microbial load appears to be within the limits of permissible levels stipulated by Indian Standard Institution standards for baby foods.

    • Studies onMadhuca butyraceae seed proteins

      T Shanmugasundaram L V Venkataraman

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      DefattedMadhuca butyraceae seeds contain 24% of crude protein and 10.4% of saponins. The solubility ofMadhuca seed proteins was determined in water and NaCl as a function of pH and minimum solubility occurred at pH 4.0. The proteins consist of three components with S20,w values of 2.2, 9.8 and 15.4. On gel filtration the proteins gave three peaks and on diethylaminoethyl cellulose chromatography they resolved into two components. Thein vitro digestibility ofMadhuca seed protein was found to be 69% when assayed with a pepsin-pancreatin system.

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