Articles written in Journal of Biosciences
Volume 30 Issue 4 September 2005 pp 491-497
Enhanced analgesic effect of morphine-nimodipine combination after intraspinal administration as compared to systemic administration in mice
Dilip Verma Subrata Basu Ray Ishan Patro Shashi Wadhwa
Calcium plays an important role in the pathophysiology of pain. A number of studies have investigated the effect of L-type calcium channel blockers on the analgesic response of morphine. However, the results are conflicting. In the present study, the antinociceptive effect of morphine (2–5 Μg) and nimodipine (1 Μg) co-administered intraspinally in mice was observed using the tail flick test. It was compared to the analgesic effect of these drugs (morphine — 250 Μg subcutaneously; nimodipine — 100 Μg intraperitoneally) after systemic administration. Nimodipine is highly lipophilic and readily crosses the blood brain barrier. Addition of nimodipine to morphine potentiated the analgesic response of the latter when administered through the intraspinal route but not when administered through systemic route. It may be due to direct inhibitory effect of morphine and nimodipine on neurons of superficial laminae of the spinal cord after binding to Μ-opioid receptors and L-type calcium channels respectively.
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