H G Friesen
Articles written in Journal of Biosciences
Volume 7 Issue 2 March 1985 pp 123-133
Kinetic studies of the binding and dissociation of [125I]-human growth hormone to rabbit liver and mammary gland membrane receptors have showed that the binding of [125I]-human growth hormone was largely irreversible to liver membrane receptors and completely to the solubilised mammary gland receptor. As Scatchard analysis assumes complete reversibility of the hormone-receptor interaction the validity of estimates of affinity and capacity of receptors derived by this analysis may be questionable.
Theoretical considerations show that in unimolecular irreversible interactions of hormone and receptor, a nonlinear (concave) or a linear Scatchard plot can be obtained. In linear Scatchard plots the capacity of the receptor obtained by extrapolation represents an overestimation of true capacity. This overestimation correlates with the value of the intercept in the Scatchard plot.
Volume 7 Issue 2 March 1985 pp 135-144
The Scatchard plot in a radioreceptor assay depends upon the definition of specific binding and the quality of the iodinated hormone used. Iodination of protein hormones may alter it so that it no longer binds to the receptor and methods are available to measure the extent of this inactivation. When appropriate corrections are made for specific binding and the amount of inactive iodinated hormone in an assay, both qualitative and quantitative differences were observed in estimates of binding capacity and affinity in some well characterised hormone receptor systems.
Theoretical predictions derived from Scatchard analysis of irreversible unimolecular hormone-receptor interactions were applicable, both qualitatively and quantitatively to two irreversible hormone-receptor systems. A method described permits a more accurate estimate of capacity from radioreceptor assay data.