• H D Kumar

      Articles written in Journal of Biosciences

    • Chromatic adaptation and photoreversal in blue-green algaCalothrix clavata West

      A S Ahluwalia R K Rai H D Kumar

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      Complementary chromatic adaptation, a well-established phenomenon in some blue-green algae, has been observed inCalothrix clavata, a heterocystous blue-green alga of the family Rivulariaceae. The chromatic adaptation has been observed for fluorescent and incandescent light by measuring the absorption spectra. The material grown in fluorescent light forms more of phycoerythrin whereas more of phycocyanin tends to be formed in incandescent light. Besides this, photoreversal was observed by transferring the incandescent light grown alga to fluorescent light conditions and vice-versa. Effect of photoreversal and chromatic adaptation has also been discussed for this alga under different monochromatic light conditions. The influence of different light conditions on morphological changes, heterocysts and hormogonia formation has also been investigated. Both chromatic adaptation and photomorphogentic phenolmena in this alga show the involvement of some photoreversible (red:green) pigment.

    • Canavanine-lnduced inhibition of growth and heterocyst differentiation inAnabaena doliolum and isolation of a canavanine-resistant mutant

      A KUMAR H D Kumar

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      The effect of the arginine analogue, canavanine on growth and heterocyst differentiation in the nitrogen-fixing algaAnabaena doliolum has been studied. The analogue inhibited growth and heterocyst differentiation at a concentration as low as 1 μM. The treated algal cells lacked conspicuous granular inclusions, whereas treatment with chloramphenicol led to increased synthesis of granules (probably cyanophycin granules). Exogenously added arginine completely reversed the effect of the analogue but lysine could only partially relieve the effect. A time course study with canavanine indicated inhibition of fresh protein(s) synthesis at all steps where a new class of proteins is synthesized so that the action of the analogue does not seem to be specific for a particular kind of protein. A mutant resistant to this analogue has been successfully isolated indicating that this alga does not show mutational immunity at least to the amino acid analogues unlike in the observation with different antibiotics. Our observations indicate that canavanine either directly inhibits protein synthesis or forms defective protein(s) which produces all the observed effects.

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