• G L Kumari

      Articles written in Journal of Biosciences

    • Affinity chromatography of estrogen- and progesterone-binding proteins of human uterus

      M Thapar P Sujata G L Kumari T G Shrivastava S K Sachdeva

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      The purification of estrogen- and progesterone-binding proteins of human uterus by employing affinity resins coupled with steroid-bovine serum albumin conjugates, led to the isolation of preparations with estrogen- and progesterone-binding sites havingKd values in the range of 0.96 to 1.20 × 10-9 M. These were different from theKd values of 10-10 M and 10-8 M obtained for two types of binding sites present in the crude cytosolic and nuclear fractions. The purified proteins sedimented on sucrose gradient withS values in the range of 3.6–4.4.

      The cytosolic and nuclear estrogen- and progesterone-binding proteins, thus purified, showed differences in specificity of binding to the hormone. While the cytoplasmic proteins were more specific in their binding to estradiol or progesterone, the nuclear proteins bound Cortisol with equal or moderate affnity. These results demonstrate the presence of distinct physiological forms of estrogen- and progesterone-binding proteins in the cytoplasm and nucleus, thus pointing to the importance of both these compartments in hormone action.

    • Role of follicle stimulating hormone in the induction of hyperplasia during compensatory ovarian hypertrophy

      Lakshmi Bhagat S Duraiswami G L Kumari

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      In adult rats, removal of one ovary leads to an acute albeit transient rise in serum follicle stimulating hormone and an increase in the weight of the remaining ovary. In an attempt to correlate the high titre of endogenous follicle stimulating hormone with the changes taking place at the macromolecular level, the phenomenon of compensatory ovarian hypertrophy was studied for one cycle after hemiovariectomy at metoestrus in the adult, cycling female rats derived from the Holtzman strain. The significant finding with respect to hormonal changes was an acute follicle stimulating hormone surge commencing 6h post-unilateral ovariectomy, reaching a maximum at 12 h and declining thereafter, hitherto not reported in the Holtzman strain. Serum luteinizing hormone, prolactin, oestradiol-17β and testosterone remained unaltered while progesterone showed a decline at 6 h after surgery. There was an increase in the number of healthy class III (> 350 µm) follicles with a concomitant drop in atretic class III follicles 24 h post-unilateral ovariectomy. Analysis for DNA, RNA and protein content showed that all three constituents registered a continuous rise in the hypertrophying ovary up to 120h after surgery. When expressed as ¼g/mg ovarian weight, the increase in DNA reached a maximum at 24 h and declined thereafter. The kinetics of DNA synthesis was followed by pulse labelling with [3H] thymidine at 18, 24, 36 and 48 h after unilateral ovariectomy. Maximum incorporation occurred at 36 h. Autoradiographic studies showed that the granulosa cells of healthy follicles preferentially incorporated the label. In an extension of this study, it was found that labelling index registered a significant increase following ovariectomy, the maximum being reached at 24 h especially in classIII follicles. The results clearly point out the crucial role of hyperplasia in the response of the contralateral ovary to the surgery and implicate the rise in follicle stimulating hormone as the primary signal for initiation of such a response. This raises the question whether in compensatory ovarian hypertrophy follicle stimulating hormone has a mitogenic role

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