• G B Nadkarni

      Articles written in Journal of Biosciences

    • Characterisation of lactic dehydrogenase fromLactobacillus casei

      Vanita A Padgaonkar S F D’souza G B Nadkarni

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      Lactic dehydrogenase fromLactobacillus casei ATCC 7469 has been purified to homogeneity by a two-step affinity chromatography procedure which gave an yield of 35%. The enzyme specifically catalysed the conversion of pyruvate to lactate. The enzyme was maximally active at pH 4.6, which was shifted to 5.4 in the presence of fructose 1,6-biphosphate. The enzyme had a molecular weight of 70,800 with two identical subunits, unlike the lactic dehydrogenase from other sources. Histidine and primary amino groups appeared to be involved in catalysis.

    • Activity of radiation degradation products of vitamins A and E to haemolyse erythrocyte

      Brij Bhushan V Ninjoor G B Nadkarni

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      Exposure of vitamin A acetate in freely dissolved state to γ-radiationin vitro caused a dose dependent degradation accompanied by the formation of new products. The radiation degradation products were separated by chromatography using step gradient elution. The parent molecule, vitamin A acetate, induced negligible haemolysis of erythrocytes. In contrast, the polar products formed by irradiation were found to be potent haemolysing agents. A highly polar product, eluted with methanol revealed maximum haemolytic activity. Acetylation of these products resulted in loss of their haemolytic properties. Similarly, vitamin E acetate, a known stabilizer of the biomembranes, after irradiation yielded products which caused haemolysis of erythrocytes. It was demonstrated that irradiation introduces hydroxyl groups which impart haemolytic properties to the radiation degradation products of vitamin A

    • Coimmobilization of D-amino acid oxidase and catalase by entrapment ofTrigonopsis variabilis in radiation polymerised Polyacrylamide beads

      Ashwini Deshpande S F D’souza G B Nadkarni

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      Trigonopsis variabilis induced for D-amino acid oxidase and catalase was immobilized by entrapment in Polyacrylamide beads obtained by radiation polymerisation. Permeabilization of the cells was found to be essential for optimal activity of the enzymes in free cells. However, the process of entrapment itself was found to eliminate the permeability barrier of cells immobilized in Polyacrylamide. The two enzymes exhibited a differential response on Polyacrylamide entrapment. Thus, D-amino acid oxidase activity was stabilized to heat inactivation whereas catalase in the same cells showed a destabilization on entrapment in Polyacrylamide. The coimmobilized enzyme preparation showed an operational half life of 7–9 days after which the D-amino acid oxidase activity remained stable at a value 35–40% of that of the initial activity for a study period of 3 weeks. Coimmobilization of MnO2 was not effective in enhancing the operational life of the enzyme preparation.

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