Articles written in Journal of Biosciences

    • Apigenin attenuates myocardial infarction-induced cardiomyocyte injury by modulating Parkin-mediated mitochondrial autophagy


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      We aimed to detect whether the effect of apigenin (Apig) on the myocardial infarction-induced cardiomyocyte injury ofmouse myocardial cells and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) mice was through regulating Parkin expression viamiR-103-1-5p. The myocardial infarction cardiomyocyte model (Hypoxia/reoxygenation) was first constructed, thenthe mouse myocardial cells were treated with Apig, and the expression of miR-103-1-5p was decreased and theexpression of Parkin was increased by qRT-PCR and Western blot. It was confirmed by miRNA pulldown andluciferase reporter system that miR-103-1-5p in mouse myocardial cells can bind to Parkin mRNA and inhibit Parkinexpression.Next, a lentiviral vector silenced Parkin and overexpressingmiR-103-1-5pwas constructed and transfectedinto Apig-treated cells. Autophagy was detected by mitochondrial autophagy marker proteins [atypical protein kinaseC (aPKC)-interacting protein (p62) and bcl-2/Adenovirus E1B 19-kd interacting protein 3 (BNIP3)] via Western blot,mitochondrial function was detected by JC-1 probe, and apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry. It was confirmedthat Apig regulated mitochondria autophagy through miR-103-1-5p and Parkin, which ultimately affected cardiomyocytedeath. Finally, an AMI mouse model was constructed, and then the mice were treated with Apig. Theinfarct size was detected by triphenyl tetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining, and the Apig relieved the myocardialinfarction. The expression of miR-103-1-5p was decreased and the expression of Parkin was increased by qRT-PCRand Western blot. The above results simplified that the cardio protection of Apig and miR-103-1-5p against injury ofmyocardial infarction cardiomyocyte by targeting Parkin. These results provided a novel treatment against myocardialinfarction cardiomyocyte.

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