D P Burma
Articles written in Journal of Biosciences
Volume 1 Issue 1 March 1979 pp 83-89
Rabbits were immunised against
Volume 1 Issue 2 June 1979 pp 169-177
The effects of ethidium bromide, an intercalating dye and berenil, a nonintercalating dye on the biological activities of
Volume 2 Issue 1 March 1980 pp 55-61
Antibodies were raised in rabbits against 70S ribosomes, 50S and 30S ribosomal subunits individually. Purified immunoglobulins from the antiserum against each of the above ribosomal entities were tested for their capabilities of precipitating 70S, 50S and 30S ribosomes. The observations revealed the following: (i) The antiserum (IgG) raised against 70S ribosomes precipitates 70S ribosomes completely, while partial precipitation is seen with the subunits, the extent of precipitation being more with the 50S subunits than with 30S subunits; addition of 50S subunits to the 30S subunits facilitates the precipitation of 30S subunits by the antibody against 70S ribosomes. (ii) Antiserum against 50S subunits has the ability to immunoprecipitate both 50S and 70S ribosomes to an equal extent. (iii) Antiserum against 30S subunits also has the property of precipitating both 30S and 70S ribosomes. The differences in the structural organisation of the two subunits may account for the differences in their immunoprecipitability.
Volume 2 Issue 4 December 1980 pp 379-386
On sucrose gradient centrifugation, the ribosomal preparation from chloramphenicol-treated32P labelled
Volume 6 Issue 4 October 1984 pp 419-430
Since the recognition of the ‘translocation’ phenomenon during protein synthesis several theories have been proposed, without much success, to explain the translocation of peptidyl tRNA from the aminoacyl site to the peptidyl site. The involvement of L7/L12 proteins and therefore the L7/L12 stalk region of 50S ribosomes in the translocation process has been widely accepted. The mobility of the stalk region, as recognised by many workers, must be of physiological significance. It has recently been shown in this laboratory that 50S ribosomes derived from tight and loose couple 70S ribosomes differ markedly in quite a few physical and biological properties and it appears that these differences are due to the different conformations of 23S RNAs. It has also been possible to interconvert tight and loose couple 50S ribosomes with the help of the agents, elongation factor -G, GTP (and its analogues) which are responsible for translocation. Thus loose couple 70S ribosomes so long thought to be inactive ribosomes are actually products of translocation. Further, the conformational change of 23S RNA appears to be responsible for the interconversion of tight and loose couple 50S ribosomes and thus the process of translocation. A model has been proposed for translocation on the basis of the direct experimental evidences obtained in this laboratory.
Volume 8 Issue 3-4 August 1985 pp 757-766
Investigations that are being carried out in various laboratories including ours clearly provide the answer which is in the negative. Only the direct evidences obtained in this laboratory will be presented and discussed. It has been unequivocally shown that the interaction between 16S and 23S RNAs plays the primary role in the association of ribosomal subunits. Further, 23S RNA is responsible for the Binding of 5S RNA to 16S.23S RNA complex with the help of three ribosomal proteins, L5, L18, L15/L25. The 16S.23S RNA complex is also capable of carrying out the following ribosomal functions, although to small but significant extents, with the help of a very limited number of ribosomal proteins and the factors involved in protein synthesis: (a) poly U-Binding, (B) poly U-dependent Binding of phenylalanyl tRNA, (c) EF-G-dependent GTPase activity, (d) initiation complex formation, (e) peptidyl transferase activity (puromycin reaction) and (f) polyphenylalanine synthesis. These results clearly indicate the direct involvement of rRNAs in the various steps of protein synthesis. Very recently it has Been demonstrated that the conformational change of 23S RNA is responsible for the translocation of peptidyl tRNA from the aminoacyl (A) site to the peptidyl (P) site. A model has Been proposed for translocation on the Basis of direct experimental evidences. The new concept that ribosomal RNAs are the functional components in ribosomes and proteins act as control switches may eventually turn out to Be noncontroversial.