• D Muraleedharan

      Articles written in Journal of Biosciences

    • Hormonal modulation of glycogen reserves In the fat body of castor semilooperAchaea janata Linn (Lepidoptera, Noctuidea)

      Annie John D Muraleedharan

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      Histochemical details of the fat body in the fifth instar larval stage, pupa and adult moth of the castor semilooperAchaea janata were elucidated in detail using light and electron microscopy in conjunction with glycogen storage patterns using polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The periodic-acid Schiff staining for glycogen in fat body was maximum in the spinning stage of the larva, when compared to the feeding stage and prepupal stages, and higher in the pupa than in the larva and the adult moth. In insulin injected and juvenile hormone treated fat body, glycogen deposition was more than in glucagon injected tissues. The periodic-acid Schiff stained bands in PAGE had electrophoretic mobility similar to the corresponding protein band numbers, indicating their glycoprotein nature.

    • Isolation and immunochemical characterization of neuropeptides from the midgut of the Colorado potato beetleLeptinotarsa decemlineata

      D Muraleedharan D Sheela Devi

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      The midgut of the Colorado potato beetle showed endocrine cells immunopositive to monoclonals like MAC-18, MAC-3 and polyclonals to FMRF-amide and AKH-241. Extraction and HPLC-fractionation of the midgut extracts after partial purification and characterization showed immunopositive reaction to the monoclonals and also showed myotropic activity stimulating the potato beetle gut. Molecular mass of the two active peptides isolated were 22 and 26 kDa respectively. Both these peptides could be immunocytochemically demonstrated in the brain neurosecretory cells of the red cotton bug,Dysdercus cingulatus and the castor semilooper,Achaea janata as well.

    • Tissue localization and partial characterization of pheromone biosynthesis activating neuropeptide inAchaea janata

      V S Ajitha D Muraleedharan

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      Female sex pheromone production in certain moth species have been shown to be regulated by a cephalic endocrine peptidic factor: pheromone biosynthesis activating neuropeptide (PBAN), having 33 amino acid residues. Antisera against syntheticHeliothis zea-PBAN were developed. Using these polyclonals, immunoreactivity was mapped in the nervous system ofAchaea janata. Three distinct groups of immunopositive secretory neurons were identified in the suboesophageal ganglion; and immunoreactivity was observed in the corpora cardiaca, thoracic and in the abdominal ganglia. From about 6000 brain sub-oesophageal ganglion complexes, the neuropeptide was isolated; and purified sequentially by Sep-pak and reversed phase high performance liquid chromatographic methods. Identity of purified PBAN fraction was confirmed with polyclonal antibody by immunoblotting. Molecular mass of the isolated peptide was determined by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry, and was found to be 3900 Da, same as that of knownH. zea-PBAN. Radiochemical bioassay confirmed the pheromonotropic effect of the isolated neuropeptide in this insect

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