• B Hoque

      Articles written in Journal of Biosciences

    • Effect of photoperiod and temperature on ovarian cycle of the frogRana tigrina (Daud.)

      S K Saidapur B Hoque

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      The effect of varying photoperiod regimes (LD: 20,4; 4,20; 6,18; 18,6 and 12,12) on ovarian follicular development was analysed in the frogRana tigrina maintained at ambient and constant 30° ± l°C for 3 months. The experiments were conducted in early recrudescent and quiescent phases. The frogs were fed guppiesad libitum on alternate day. None of the photoperiod regimes had any effect on the ovaries or the fat bodies, whereas exposure to constant high temperature (regardless of photoperiod) during recrudescent phase induced production of greater number of eggs (∼ 18000 vs 13000 in controls) of ovulatory sizes (> 1400 μm) compared to the corresponding controls maintained at ambient temperature. Hence, ovarian mass also increased in these frogs. In the quiescent phase, high temperature merely enhanced growth of previtellogenic oocytes. In both the phases high temperature caused a reduction in the fat bodies over the respective controls, possibly due to increased metabolic activity.

      The above findings indicate that temperature plays a key role in the regulation of ovarian cycle ofRana tigrina and that the photoperiodic mechanisms may not govern the annual recrudescence of ovaries in the frog. The study also shows that the frog exhibits the phenomenon of “phenotypic plasticity” in its reproductive behaviour by producing significantly greater number of eggs in response to elevated temperature.

    • Induction of ovarian follicular development in the subadult frogRana tigrina using luteinizing hormone releasing hormone-acetate

      B Hoque S K Saidapur D R Naik

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      In the subadultRana tigrina administration of 2 μg luteinizing hormone releasing hormone-acetate/frog six days a week for 4 weeks in April resulted in the formation of medium (in all 8 frogs) and large sized (in 4 out of 8 frogs) yolky oocytes and, concomitant increases in the oviductal mass. The ovarian and oviductal masses showed a 10-fold increase over the control frogs. In untreated frogs the ovaries were transparent and contained first growth phase oocytes only. The oviducts were also infantile.

      The pituitary sections were stained using antisera raised in rabbit against the β-subunit of human luteinizing hormone and human follicle stimulating hormone. Immunoreactivity, staining intensity, cytoplasmic granulation and, cell, nuclear and cytoplasmic areas of gonadotrophs (B2 cells) increased significantly in luteinizing hormone releasing hormone treated frogs.

      The above findings suggest that pituitary-ovarian axis in the subadultRana tigrina is responsive to luteinizing hormone releasing hormone and that long-term treatment with the hormone induces cytomorphological changes in the gonadotrophs which result in the conversion of inactive cells into secretory cells. This is accompanied by precocious vitellogenic growth of oocytes in the subadult frogs.

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