• Asha Mathur

      Articles written in Journal of Biosciences

    • Role of Ca2+ in induction and secretion of dengue virus-induced cytokines

      Ritu Dhawan Madhu Khanna U C Chaturvedi Asha Mathur

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      The present study was undertaken to investigate the role of calcium ions (Ca2+) in the induction and secretion of the dengue type 2 virus induced cytotoxic factor and the cytotoxin. This was done by using calcium channel blocking drugs such as verapamil, nifedipine or diltiazem hydrochloride. The production of cytotoxic factor was significantly reduced by treatment of dengue type 2 virus infected mice with verapamil. Similarly, a dosedependent inhibition of the secretion of cytotoxic factor was observed, when spleen cells of the virus-primed mice were treatedin vitro with the 3 calcium channel blockers. The production of cytotoxin by macrophages was abrogated by pretreatment with calcium channel blockers but had little effect on its secretion as shown by treatment of macrophages with verapamil at 1 h after the induction to later periods up to 18 h. The findings thus show that in the induction of both the cytokines Ca2+ plays a critical role; on the other hand it is required for the secretion of the cytotoxic factor but not for that of the cytotoxin.

    • An enzyme immunoassay for detection of Japanese encephalitis virus-induced chemotactic cytokine

      Aditi Singh Rajesh Kulshreshtha Asha Mathur

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      Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) induces human peripheral blood monocytes to secrete a chemotactic cytokine [human macrophage-derived factor (hMDF)] which causes chemotaxis of neutrophils. The only known assay for hMDF cannot quantify its level in samples, so an enzyme immunoassay has been standardized for detection of hMDF and hMDF-specific antibodies in test samples. The reported enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was found to be sensitive (89%), specific (91%), accurate (92.2%) and reproducible and was able to detect a minimum concentration of 23 ng hMDF/ml in test samples. The chemotactic factor could be detected in JEV inoculated mouse sera and JEV infected culture fluids. Significant finding of the test was the detection of hMDF in sera of human cases of JE.

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