• Anindita Bhattacharyya

      Articles written in Journal of Biosciences

    • Studies on Stibanate unresponsive isolates ofLeishmania donovani

      Anindita Bhattacharyya Mandira Mukherjee Swadesh Duttagupta

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      Visceral leishmaniasis, also known as kala-azar (KA) is generally caused byLeishmania donovani. Organic pentavalent antimonials (SbV) is the first line of treatment for KA. However, the number of KA patients unresponsive to treatment with Sb(V) is steadily increasing in India and elsewhere. The primary objective of this work is to determine the factor(s) associated with the rise of unresponsiveness. Analysis of the clonal population of parasites clearly indicated that wild type parasites isolated from KA patients who were clinically cured after treatment with Sb(V), were a mixture of resistant and sensitive cells. The resistant promastigotes were also resistant as amastigotesin vivo. It was further observed that Stibanate sensitive parasites can be made resistant to the drug by repeated passages in experimental animals followed by incomplete treatment with suboptimal doses of the drug. These results suggest that the steady rise in Sb(V) unresponsiveness of KA patients in India is due to infection with resistant parasites, generated as a result of irregular and often incomplete treatment of the patients.

    • Monoclonal antibody affinity purification of a 78 kDa membrane protein ofLeishmania donovani of Indian origin and its role in host-parasite interaction

      Mandira Mukherjee Anindita Bhattacharyya Swadesh Duttagupta

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      Monoclonal antibodies were raised against pathogenic promastigotes ofLeishmania donovani of Indian origin. Among these, one was used for immuno-affinity purification of a 78 kDa membrane protein present in both the amastigote and promastigote forms of the parasite. Results of immunoblot experiments with the anti-78 kDa antibody revealed that the protein was present only in parasites belonging to theL. donovani complex. The expression of the protein was observed to be the same during different phases of growth of the promastigotes. Therefore, the 78 kDa protein is neither stage-specific nor differentially regulated. Surface iodination and subcellular fractionation of the promastigotes indicated that the protein was localized on the cell surface. The 78 kDa protein was found to inhibit the binding of promastigotes to macrophages significantly, suggesting that it may play a role in the process of infection. Thus, here we report the purification of a surface protein ofL. donovani of Indian origin, which may play an important role in the process of infection.

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