Articles written in Journal of Biosciences
Volume 15 Issue 1 March 1990 pp 53-58
Secondary structure of maltodextrin Phosphorylase from
Volume 22 Issue 4 September 1997 pp 457-464
Volume 24 Issue S1 March 1999 pp 33-198
Volume 25 Issue 4 December 2000 pp 387-396
Acoustic signals play an important role in the lives of birds. Almost all avian species produce vocal signals in a variety of contexts either in the form of calls or songs or both. In the present study different types of vocal signals of the tropical avian species
Volume 29 Issue 1 March 2004 pp 23-31
Effect of dibutyryl adenosine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate (dbc-AMP), an analogue of c-AMP, was investigated on growth and morphological differentiation of
Volume 31 Issue 5 December 2006 pp 607-616
Induction of defense response against Karnal bunt (KB) by suppressing the pathogenesis was observed upon exogenous application of jasmonic acid (JA) as evident from decrease in the coefficient of infection and overall response value in both susceptible and resistant varieties of wheat. The ultra-structural changes during disease progression showed the signs of programmed cell death (PCD). However, JA strengthened the defense barrier by enhancing the lignifications of cell walls as observed in spikes of both varieties by histochemical analysis. Compared to the plants inoculated with pathogen alone, plants of resistant line (RJP) first treated with JA followed by inoculation with pathogen showed more lignifications and extracellular deposition of other metabolites on cells, which is supposed to prevent mycelial invasions. Contrary to this, susceptible (SJP) lines also showed lignifications but the invasion was more compared to resistant line. Induction of protease activity was higher in resistant variety than its corresponding susceptible variety. The protease activity induced during the colonization of the pathogen and its proliferation inside the host system gets inhibited by JA treatment as demonstrated by the quantitative and in-gel protease assay. The results indicate the role of JA signalling in inhibiting the proteases due to expression of certain protease inhibitor genes. SDS-PAGE analysis shows differential gene expression through induction and/or suppression of different proteins in wheat spikes of resistant and susceptible varieties under the influence of JA. Thus, exogenously applied JA provides the conditioning effect prior to the challenge of infection and induces defense against KB probably by maintaining a critical balance between proteases and protease inhibitors and/or coordinating induction of different families of new proteins.
Volume 34 Issue 6 December 2009 pp 899-908 Articles
Glycosaminoglycans, especially heparin, are involved in various cell processes such as apoptosis, cell cycle control, platelet activation, capacitation, acrosome reaction and sperm decondensation. Heparin-binding proteins (HBPs) are essential constituents of human seminal fluid, which bind to sperm lipids containing the phosphorylcholine group and mediate the fertilization process. We utilized a proteomic set-up consisting of affinity chromatography, isoelectric focusing (IEF) coupled with matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (MALDI TOF/MS) for protein analysis of human HBPs. We resolved 70 different spots on two-dimensional (2-D) gel and subsequently identified these proteins. Forty different types of proteins were identified. Functional analysis revealed that 38% of the proteins belonged to the enzyme category, 20% were involved in RNA processing and transcription, 18% in structure and transport function, and 16% in cell recognition and signal transduction. We also identified 8% of proteins with unknown functions, although their expression in seminal fluid has been documented. Proteins of seminal fluid that bind heparin may be directly involved in sperm capacitation and acrosome reaction (AR), which are the two critical steps for fertilization. This information on HBPs would be useful for identifying potential biomarkers of fertility in the near future.
Volume 46 All articles Published: 26 June 2021 Article ID 0063 Article
IL-3, a haematopoiesis regulatory factor, has previously been shown to inhibit both mouse and humanosteoclast differentiation and bone resorption. Here, the role of rat IL-3 on rat osteoclast differentiation was evaluated to address whether the inhibitory action of IL-3 on osteoclastogenesis is conserved in variousspecies. It was observed that IL-3 inhibited rat osteoclast differentiation induced by both TNF-$\alpha$ and receptoractivator of NF-$\kappa$B ligand (RANKL). TNF-$\alpha$ is known to induce bone loss in postmenopausal osteoporoticwomen and it also synergise with many pro-osteoclastogenic cytokines to cause huge pathological bone loss.Importantly, it was found that rat IL-3 inhibits the synergistic action of TNF-$\alpha$ with RANKL and IL-1$\beta$, TGF$\beta$1and TGF-$\beta$3. IL-3 downregulates the TNF-$\alpha$-induced nuclear translocation of NF-$\kappa$B-p65 and c-fos withoutaffecting c-jun. Interestingly, we observed that IL-3 also inhibits osteoclast differentiation in vivo in rats induced by TNF-$\alpha$. All these results suggest that inhibitory action of IL-3 on osteoclastogenesis is conserved invarious species including mice, rats and humans. Thus, our results clearly indicate that IL-3 has therapeuticpotential to treat pathological bone loss in important skeletal diseases.
Volume 47, 2022
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