Articles written in Journal of Biosciences
Volume 44 Issue 3 July 2019 Article ID 0072 Article
Historic migration to South Asia in the last two millennia: A case of Jewish and Parsi populations
AJAI K PATHAK ANSHIKA SRIVASTAVA PRAJJVAL PRATAP SINGH DEBASHRUTI DAS AUDDITIYA BANDOPADHYAY POOJA SINGH GYANESHWER CHAUBEY
The South Asian populations have a mosaic of ancestries likely due to the interactions of long-term populations of the landmassand those of East andWest Eurasia. Apart from prehistoric dispersals, there are some known population movements to India. Inthis study,we focussed on the migration of Jewish and Parsi populations on temporal and spatial scales. The existence of Jewishand Parsi communities in India are recorded since ancient times. However, due to the lack of high-resolution genetic data, theirorigin and affiliation with other Indian and non-Indian populations remains shrouded in legends. Earlier genetic studies onpopulations of Indian Jews have found evidence for a minor shared ancestry of Indian Jews with Middle Eastern (Jews)populations, whereas for Parsis, the Iranian link was proposed. Recently, in our high-resolution study, we were able to quantifythe admixture dynamics of these groups, which has suggested a male-biased admixture. Here, we added the newly availableancient samples and revisited the interplay of genes and cultures. Thus, in this study we reconstructed a broad genetic profile ofIndian Jews and Parsis to paint a fine-grained picture of these ethnic groups.
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