• ARCHANA SINGH

      Articles written in Journal of Biosciences

    • Identification and validation of a virus-inducible ta-siRNA-generating TAS4 locus in tomato

      Archana Singh Shradha Saraf Indranil Dasgupta Sunil Kumar Mukherjee

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      Trans-acting small interfering RNAs (ta-siRNAs) are a class of endogenous small RNA, associated with posttranscriptional gene silencing. Their biogenesis requires an initial microRNA (miRNA)-mediated cleavage of precursor RNA. Around 20 different ta-siRNA-producing loci (TASs), whose sequences are conserved, are reported in plants. In tomato, two TAS gene families have been identified, which are found to target auxin response factor gene and bacterial spot disease resistance protein Bs4 gene. Using high-throughput computational and experimental approach, we identified a new locus-producing ta-siRNA in tomato. We have also identified the putative miRNA regulating the production of ta-siRNA from this locus. The ta-siRNAs generated from TAS4 were up-regulated upon infection with a DNA virus. The potential targets of ta-siRNAs were predicted to be variety of proteins including MYB transcription factors and cell cycle regulators for some of the ta-siRNAs produced.

    • Harnessing phytomicrobiome signals for phytopathogenic stress management

      AKANKSHA SHARMA MEENAKSHI RAINA DEEPAK KUMAR ARCHANA SINGH SAMIRA CHUGH SHALU JAIN MANOJ KUMAR ANJANA RUSTAGI

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      Harnessing the phytomicrobiome offers a great opportunity to improve plant productivity and quality of food. In the recent past, several phytomicrobiome microbes have been explored for their potential involvement in increasing crop yield. This review strategically targets to harness the various dimensions of phytomicrobiome for biotic stress management of crop plants. The tripartite interaction involving plant-microbiome-pathogen has been discussed. Positive interventions in this system so as to achieve disease tolerant plants has been forayed upon. The different signalling molecules sent out by interacting partners of phytomicrobiome have also been analysed. The novel concept of artificial microbial consortium in mitigation of pathogenic stress has also been touched upon. The aim of this review is to explore the hidden potential of phytomicrobiome diversity as a potent tool against phytopathogens, thereby improving crop health and productivity in a sustainable way.

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