• ADWAITA PRASAD PARIDA

      Articles written in Journal of Biosciences

    • AtMBD6, a methyl CpG binding domain protein, maintains gene silencing in Arabidopsis by interacting with RNA binding proteins

      ADWAITA PRASAD PARIDA AMRAPALI SHARMA ARUN KUMAR SHARMA

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      DNA methylation, mediated by double-stranded RNA, is a conserved epigenetic phenomenon that protects a genome fromtransposons, silences unwanted genes and has a paramount function in plant or animal development. Methyl CpG bindingdomain proteins are members of a class of proteins that bind tomethylated DNA. The Arabidopsis thaliana genome encodes13 methyl CpG binding domain (MBD) proteins, but themolecular/biological functions of most of these proteins are still notclear. In the present study, we identified four proteins that interact with AtMBD6. Interestingly, three of them contain RNAbinding domains and are co-localized with AtMBD6 in the nucleus. The interacting partners includes AtRPS2C (a 40Sribosomal protein), AtNTF2 (nuclear transport factor 2) and AtAGO4 (Argonoute 4). The fourth protein that physicallyinteracts with AtMBD6 is a histone-modifying enzyme, histone deacetylase 6 (AtHDA6), which is a known component ofthe RNA-mediated gene silencing system. Analysis of genomic DNA methylation in the atmbd6, atrps2c and atntf2mutants, using methylation-sensitive PCR detected decreased DNA methylation at miRNA/siRNA producing loci,pseudogenes and other targets of RNA-directed DNA methylation. Our results indicate that AtMBD6 is involved inRNA-mediated gene silencing and it binds to RNA binding proteins like AtRPS2C, AtAGO4 and AtNTF2. AtMBD6 alsointeracts with histone deacetylase AtHDA6 that might have a role in chromatin condensation at the targets of RdDM.

    • AtMBD4: A methylated DNA binding protein negatively regulates a subset of phosphate starvation genes

      ADWAITA PRASAD PARIDA AMRAPALI SHARMA ARUN KUMAR SHARMA

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      DNA methylation is an important epigenetic modification that governs transcriptional regulation. The methylation mark isread by a special class of proteins called methyl-CpG-binding domain proteins. The role of DNA methylation has beenfound in X-chromosome inactivation, genomic imprinting, transposon silencing, and self-incompatibility. Recently,remodeling of global DNA methylation was demonstrated in Arabidopsis during low phosphate availability. The presentstudy reports that AtMBD4 gene of Arabidopsis negatively regulates phosphate starvation. The T-DNA insertion mutation atthe AtMBD4 locus exhibited altered root architecture as compared to wild-type plants. Using microarray hybridization andanalysis, an increased transcript accumulation of 242 genes was observed in the mutant. Many of these genes were relatedto phosphate transporters and transcription factors, involved in phosphate starvation response. Comparison of data ofatmbd4 mutant with publicly available microarray data of phosphate starvation response indicated the role of AtMBD4protein in phosphate starvation response. Further, promoter analysis of up-regulated genes suggested that cis-regulatoryelements like MBS, W-box, and B1BS are more prominent in the promoters of up-regulated genes. Upon performing amethylation-specific PCR, a decreased DNA methylation in the promoter regions of up-regulated genes was observed. Theaccumulation of anthocyanin and inorganic phosphate in the atmbd4 mutant was found to be higher than the wild-typeplant. Altered root morphology, up-regulation of phosphate starvation-induced genes in atmbd4 mutant suggests thatAtMBD4 negatively regulates the phosphate starvation response.

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